Violence and Crime in Cross-National Perspective, 1900-1974 (ICPSR 8612)

Published: Jan 12, 2006

Principal Investigator(s):
Dane Archer; Rosemary Gartner

Version V1

This data collection provides comparative, cross-national, longitudinal data on rates of violent and nonviolent crimes for every country in the world over a period of 74 years. The study was designed to supply both comparative breadth and historical depth. Data were compiled from 110 nations and 44 urban places over periods up to 74 years, 1900-1974. Information is included on murder, rape, robbery, assault, theft, and population.

Archer, Dane, and Gartner, Rosemary. Violence and Crime in Cross-National Perspective, 1900-1974. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2006-01-12.

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United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health (MH-27427)

Guggenheim Foundation

German Marshall Fund of the United States

Users are asked to send copies of articles based on the data to: Dane Archer, Stevenson College, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064.

1900 -- 1974

1972 -- 1982

Two FORTRAN command files are supplied and can be used in conjunction with Part 1, Crime File (With Comments), to output crime rates and raw crime figures for each country. Part 3, Crime File (Data Only), contains the data from Part 1 without the non-data comments. The SAS and SPSS data definition statements are only for Part 3. Other than the record layouts and country and city codes, the only documentation provided for all data files is the comment statements from the FORTRAN files. The study title was changed to include the years 1973 and 1974, since records are present in the data for those years.

All countries in the world.

correspondence with national and metropolitan government sources, annual statistical reports, published annual crime data

aggregate data



2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 6 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.

1987-02-26 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.


  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.
NACJD logo

This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.