Learning Deficiencies Among Adult Inmates, 1982: Louisiana, Pennsylvania, and Washington (ICPSR 8359)

Principal Investigator(s): Bell, Raymond; Conard, Elizabeth H., et al.


The National Institute of Justice sponsored this study of 1,065 prison inmates in Louisiana, Pennsylvania, and Washington. Respondents were administered an academic achievement test, the Tests of Adult Basic Education, and an individual intelligence test, the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R). Other screening tests were also given to certain respondents, including the Mann-Suiter Disabilities Screening Test and the Adaptive Behavior Checklist. Data for each inmate includes offenses committed, prior institutionalization, juvenile adjudication, years of formal education, academic and vocational participation while incarcerated, previous diagnoses, childhood home situation, death of parents, number of siblings, and any childhood problems. Information on demographic characteristics, such as age, sex, race, employment history, and physical condition, is available for each respondent.

Access Notes

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.


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Study Description


Bell, Raymond, and Elizabeth H., et al. Conard. Learning Deficiencies Among Adult Inmates, 1982: Louisiana, Pennsylvania, and Washington. ICPSR08359-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2002. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08359.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08359.v1

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This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (81-IJ-CX-0014)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    academic ability, academic achievement, criminal histories, criminal justice system, educational background, educationally disadvantaged, family histories, health status, inmate programs, job history, justice, learning disabilities, prison inmates, test scores, vocational education

Geographic Coverage:    Louisiana, Pennsylvania, United States, Washington

Time Period:   

  • 1982

Date of Collection:   

  • 1982-01--1983-01

Universe:    Inmates from nine prisons in Louisiana, Pennsylvania, and Washington.

Data Type(s):    administrative records data, clinical data, survey data

Data Collection Notes:

This is a hierarchical dataset with eight record types for 1,065 cases. Record 1 contains data from the WAIS-R test in 23 variables. Record 2 contains information collected from the subjects during the WAIS-R test in 10 variables. Record 3 contains results from the Mann-Suiter Learning Disabilities test in 13 variables. Record 4 contains the results from the Adaptive Behavior Checklist in 8 variables. Record 5 contains data gathered from institutional records on the respondents in 16 variables. Record 6 has 23 variables and is a continuation of Record 5. Record 7 contains age-normed scores on the 11 subtests of the WAIS-R in 12 variables, and Record 8 contains subtest scores and total scores from the Tests of Adult Basic Education in 10 variables. Users should note that some cases do not contain data for all eight records. Records are sequenced by record type within the file.


Sample:    A total of 1,065 inmates volunteered to participate in the study.

Data Source:

administrative records and personal interviews


Original ICPSR Release:   1985-05-24

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