National Survey of Residential Group Care Facilities for Children and Youth, 1981 (ICPSR 6229)

Principal Investigator(s): Young, Thomas M.; Pappenfort, Donnell M.; Marlow, Christine R.


This survey covers facilities for children and youth who are considered to be dependent and neglected, delinquent, emotionally disturbed, mentally ill, in detention or under supervision (status offenders), and/or in need of temporary shelter or emergency care, or in need of services due to pregnancy or use of an illegal substance. The survey was designed to gather information about programs and services that most types of residential care facilities provide, regardless of function, rather than about those specific to a single type of residential care. Information provided about each facility includes the problems, conditions, and patterns of behavior of their residents, the treatment programs for them, and the extent of their participation in community activities. Questionnaires were sent to the directors of all qualifying facilities. Telephone interviews were conducted with those directors who did not respond to the questionnaire.

Access Notes

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.


DS1:  Data File - Download All Files (53.623 MB)
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ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS2:  SAS Data Definition Statements - Download All Files (0.681 MB)

ASCII + SAS Setup   

Study Description


Young, Thomas M., Donnell M. Pappenfort, and Christine R. Marlow. National Survey of Residential Group Care Facilities for Children and Youth, 1981. ICPSR06229-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1995.

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This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (82-MV-AX-0036)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    child welfare, children, community involvement, group homes, residential programs, social services, treatment programs, youths

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1981

Date of Collection:   

  • 1981-09--1982-06

Universe:    All residential group care facilities for children and youth in the United States.

Data Type(s):    survey data


Sample:    All eligible facilities known to be operating in 1980 with a capacity to serve seven or more residents were included. Eligible facilities were considered to be administratively more complex than a foster family home and organizationally at least as distinct as a physically separate section of a larger facility. Specifically excluded were medical facilities for short-term care, summer camps, and purely educational boarding schools. Also excluded were facilities for the physically handicapped, the mentally retarded, and the chronically ill.

Data Source:

self-enumerated questionnaires, and telephone interviews

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   1995-10-12

Version History:

  • 2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.

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