The purpose of this study was to serve as a pilot study for the domestic violence addendum to the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) program. The addendum was developed to explore the relationship between substance abuse and intimate violence among ADAM arrestees.
The data for this research were collected in conjunction with the National Institute of Justice's Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) program. At the time of this study's release, the ADAM program was operational in approximately 35 cities nationwide, providing national and local profiles of drug use within arrestee populations and the monitoring of drug use patterns. An extension and refinement of the previous Drug Use Forecasting (DUF) program (see DRUG USE FORECASTING IN 24 CITIES IN THE UNITED STATES 1987-1997 [ICPSR 9477]), the ADAM program (see ARRESTEE DRUG ABUSE MONITORING (ADAM) PROGRAM IN THE UNITED STATES, 1998 [ICPSR 2826], 1999 [ICPSR 2994], 2000 [ICPSR 3270], 2001 [ICPSR 3688], 2002 [ICPSR 3815], and 2003 [ICPSR 4020]) is the United States government's primary source of information on drug use among arrestees, and is one of the primary research tools on drug use, crime, and other social indicators. Quarterly interviews with arrestees selected using probability based sampling (for males) and convenience sampling (for females) were conducted in jails and detention facilities at each ADAM site. Urine samples were also collected and tested for a core panel of drugs that included cocaine, methamphetamine, marijuana, and opiates. Because the drug screen could not detect drugs beyond 72 hours after use, only arrestees who had been incarcerated 48 hours or fewer were eligible for participation. The ADAM interview provided demographic and descriptive data, including race, age, marital status, source of income, screens for substance abuse and dependency, treatment history, arrest and incarceration experiences, and participation in local drug markets. At the conclusion of the interview, respondents were asked to provide a urine specimen. For the current study, which served as the pilot study for the domestic violence addendum, when the ADAM process was completed, arrestees were asked to answer questions about domestic violence. The domestic violence addendum was administered as part of the ADAM data collection in Sacramento, California, in the third (Part 1) and fourth (Part 2) quarters of 1999. Questions used in the interview were developed using a modified Revised Conflict Tactics Scale (Straus and Gelles, 1986).
The domestic violence addendum was administered to all arrestees from Sacramento, California, who had completed the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) interview, provided a urine specimen, and were willing to answer additional questions concerning domestic violence. Please see ICPSR studies, ARRESTEE DRUG ABUSE MONITORING (ADAM) PROGRAM IN THE UNITED SATES, 1998 [ICPSR 2826], 1999 [ICPSR 2994], 2000 [ICPSR 3270], 2001 [ICPSR 3688], 2002 [ICPSR 3815], and 2003 [ICPSR 4020] for the sampling frame used to collect the ADAM data.
All persons arrested and booked on local and state charges (i.e., not federal and out-of-county charges) in Sacramento, California, during the third and fourth quarters of 1999.
The data were obtained from on-site questionnaires.
administrative records data, survey data, and clinical data
Part 1 (Third Quarter Data) and Part 2 (Fourth Quarter Data) both include demographic variables taken from the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) data collection. Variables include respondent's age, gender, race, residency, education, employment, and marital status. Other variables include the three most serious arrest charges, heavy alcohol use, use of marijuana, crack/rock cocaine, powder cocaine, heroin, methamphetamine, and other drugs (ever, previous 30 days, and previous 12 months), age of first use of the above six drugs and heavy alcohol use, and drug dependency in the previous 12 months. Variables from the domestic violence addendum include questions about the types and instances (ever and previous 12 months) of intimate partner physical abuse (e.g., scratching, pushing, throwing, biting, choking, punching, burning, hair-pulling, and threatening with a weapon) and sexual abuse. Respondents were asked if they sustained or caused any injuries such as a black eye, bruises, chipped or knocked out teeth, sprains, broken bones, or cuts.
There were 409 cases eligible for inclusion in the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) study in the third quarter (Part 1). Fifty-seven percent of these 409 cases (n = 232) agreed to do an ADAM interview. Domestic violence addendum interviews were attempted with 197 of the 232 ADAM participants. Domestic violence interviews were completed by 87 percent (n = 171) of these 197 cases. In the fourth quarter (Part 2), 520 cases were eligible for inclusion in the ADAM study. Thirty-five percent of these cases (n = 180) agreed to do an ADAM interview. Domestic violence interviews were completed by 90 percent (n = 162) of these 180 cases in which an ADAM interview was completed.
Revised Conflict Tactics Scale (Straus and Gelles, 1986).