Data from Urban Institute's Survey on Forced Marriage in the United States, 2017 (ICPSR 36855)

Version Date: Dec 20, 2018 View help for published

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Meredith L. Dank, John Jay College of Criminal Justice; Janine M. Zweig, Urban Institute

https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36855.v1

Version V1

These data are part of NACJD's Fast Track Release and are distributed as they were received from the data depositor. The files have been zipped by NACJD for release, but not checked or processed except for the removal of direct identifiers. Users should refer to the accompanying readme file for a brief description of the files available with this collection and consult the investigator(s) if further information is needed.

The Urban Institute, in collaboration with Tahirih Justice Center, sought to examine forced marriages in the United States via an exploratory study of the victimization experiences of those subjected to and threatened with forced marriage. The study also sought to begin to understand elements at the intersection of forced marriage with intimate partner and sexual violence, such as: how perpetrators threaten and actually force victims into marriages; the elements of force, fraud, or coercion in the tactics used to carry out victimization; other case demographics and dynamics (e.g., overseas marriages versus those in the United States); factors that put individuals at risk of forced marriage or that trigger or elevate their risk of related abuses; help-seeking behavior; the role of social, cultural, and religious norms in forced marriage; and the ability (or lack thereof) of service providers, school officials, and government agencies with protection mandates (law enforcement, child protection, and social workers) to screen for, and respond to, potential and reported cases of forced marriage.

This collection contains 1 Stata file: ICPSR-Data-File.dta (21007 cases; 48 variables).

The qualitative data are not available as part of this data collection at this time.

Dank, Meredith L., and Zweig, Janine M. Data from Urban Institute’s Survey on Forced Marriage in the United States, 2017. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2018-12-20. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36855.v1

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United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (2013-VA-CX-0033)

None

Access to these data is restricted. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete a Restricted Data Use Agreement, specify the reason for the request, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research.

Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
2017-01 -- 2017-03
2017-01 -- 2017-03

These data are part of NACJD's Fast Track Release and are distributed as they were received from the data depositor. The files have been zipped by NACJD for release, but not checked or processed except for the removal of direct identifiers. Users should refer to the accompanying readme file for a brief description of the files available with this collection and consult the investigator(s) if further information is needed.

The qualitative data are not available as part of this data collection at this time.

This exploratory research was guided by six primary research questions:

  1. What is the nature and prevalence of forced marriage and the intersection of intimate partner violence (IPV), sexual violence, and other forms of victimization?
  2. What are the factors that put young women at risk of forced marriage?
  3. What is the role of social, cultural, and religious norms surrounding forced marriage?
  4. What are the help-seeking behaviors of young women and men who have been threatened with and/or subjected to forced marriage?
  5. How are service providers and education officials responding to potential and confirmed forced marriage cases?
  6. How are justice system (civil and criminal) stakeholders responding to potential and confirmed forced marriage cases?

The researchers created a short survey to broaden their understanding of the nature and scope of forced marriage. The goal of this effort was to supplement the limited information they learned about forced marriage in the D.C. metropolitan region (from qualitative interviews) with a basic understanding of the nature and scope of forced marriage more broadly. The survey was administered anonymously via Google Consumer Survey to a sample of men and women (18 years and older) of all backgrounds across the United States.

Although there were no financial incentives in exchange for the survey, Google Consumer Survey requests survey completion in exchange for online activity behind a pay wall. Participants would see the survey on their screen online (before reading a news article, for instance). Upon opening the survey, participants were informed of the nature of the study, including that the study was an Urban Institute survey funded by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) about marriage and choice, and asked if they would like to participate. If an individual consented, they would be taken to the second screening question, which determined whether they had ever experienced forced marriage or been threatened with forced marriage. The term "forced marriage" was not used, but was described as a marriage or engagement that you did not choose whether, when, or whom you married; or you could not say 'no' without bad things happening. If they answered in the affirmative, participants were presented the rest of the questions on the Google survey.

The researchers used Google Consumer Survey to field the survey on forced marriage in order to reach a national pool of respondents. The survey was fielded through five different platforms where participants were incentivized to complete the survey in exchange for online activity behind a pay wall, such as accessing a news article or using a mobile application. Among the 21,034 individuals sampled and contacted by Google to participate in the survey, 7,979 (37.9 percent) volunteered to participate, among which 7,952 (99.7 percent) were considered valid responses.

Cross-sectional

Men and women (18 years and older) of all backgrounds across the United States.

Individuals
survey data

This collection contains 1 Stata file: ICPSR-Data-File.dta (21007 cases; 48 variables).

The survey included questions on whether individuals had a choice in their marriage experience, the reasons behind the forced marriage, whether they experienced emotional or physical violence before, during, or after their experience, what services they used (including justice system responses), and basic demographic questions. In addition to data drawn from questions in the survey instrument, the researchers used metadata inferred through Google Analytics, which were distributed across seven data dimensions, including: age, gender, urban density, income, parental status, geography, and publisher category.

37.9%

Not applicable

2018-12-20

Notes

  • These data are part of NACJD's Fast Track Release and are distributed as they were received from the data depositor. The files have been zipped by NACJD for release, but not checked or processed except for the removal of direct identifiers. Users should refer to the accompanying readme file for a brief description of the files available with this collection and consult the investigator(s) if further information is needed.

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

  • One or more files in this data collection have special restrictions. Restricted data files are not available for direct download from the website; click on the Restricted Data button to learn more.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.
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This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.