The goals of this study were to determine if differences in mental health and substance abuse needs and services existed in a racially/ethnically diverse nationally representative sample of youth in custody, and the extent to which there were racial/ethnic disparities in the delivery of services in relation to need. The study objectives were:
- To identify racial/ethnic differences in mental health/substance abuse service needs;
- To explore racial/ethnic variations in services received; and
- To examine if racial/ethnic disparities exist in services received versus identified need.
The principal investigator posits that the study's findings had implications for re-entry planning and services, provided additional information contributing to better screening and treatment, and addressed a significant gap in the literature regarding less-studied minority populations in the juvenile justice system.
Through use of secondary analysis, this study utilized data from the Survey of Youth in Residential Placement (SYRP) (ICPSR 34304) in order to address research goals and objectives. A series of analyses were conducted using data from 7,073 youth in custody who participated in the SRYP. A multifaceted analysis strategy was used that included bivariate, logistic regression, and hierarchical generalized linear modeling (HGLM). Modeling techniques were adjusted for other youth characteristics (e.g., age, sex, and offense leading to current placement) and variability across facilities (e.g., program type, screening practices, and staff qualifications) in order to explain disparities in needs and services.
The sample utilized as part of this study came from the Survey of Youth in Residential Placement (SYRP) (ICPSR 34304) that was conducted in the spring of 2003. A sample of offender youth between the ages of 10 and 20 was drawn from a nationally representative sample of pre- and post-adjudication using a two-stage, probability-proportional-to-size sample design, with facilities selected first and youth within a selected facility selected second. The final sample consisted of a total of 7,073 youth from 205 eligible facilities across 36 states representing five program types - detention, correctional, community-based, camp, and residential treatment programs.
The study universe utilized data from the Survey of Youth in Residential Placement (SYRP), whose universe included offender youth between the ages of 10 and 20 in all facilities surveyed for the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP) and the Juvenile Residental Facility Census (JRFC), excluding only extremely small facilities (those with fewer than three offender youth in residence).
Survey of Youth in Residential Placement (SYRP) 2003 [United States] (ICPSR 34304
administrative records data,
Variables included as part of the collection include alcohol and drug use, use of drug and alcohol services, emotional/psychological well-being, mental health symptoms, residential placement facilities, residential program type, suicidality, trauma experiences, mental health services, co-occurring disorder variables, and youth demographic variables.