National Corrections Reporting Program, 2000-2015 (ICPSR 36746)

Published: Jun 22, 2017 View help for published

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United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics

Series:

https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36746.v1

Version V1

NCRP, 2000-2015

The National Corrections Reporting Program (NCRP) compiles offender-level data on admissions and releases from state and federal prisons and post-confinement community supervision. The data are used to monitor the nation's correctional population and address specific policy questions related to recidivism, prisoner reentry, and trends in demographic characteristics of the incarcerated and community supervision populations. The Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) has administered the NCRP since 1983. Abt Associates has served as the NCRP data collection agent since October 2010.

United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics. National Corrections Reporting Program, 2000-2015. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2017-06-22. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36746.v1

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United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics

state, county

Access to these data is restricted. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete a Restricted Data Use Agreement, specify the reasons for the request, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research.

Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
2000-01-01 -- 2015-12-31
2001-01-01 -- 2016-10-31

Prison Term Record File

Prison term records are built from NCRP Prison Admission (Part A), Prison Release (Part B), and Prison Custody (Part D) records submitted by state departments of correction to the U.S. Census Bureau (if submitted before January 1, 2011) or Abt Associates (if submitted after January 1, 2011). Instructions for the Part A, B, and D files provided to the state departments of correction - including key NCRP definitions (e.g., prison, admission, release, custody) - are in the NCRP 2015 Data Collection Manual (See resource guide). Instructions for previous years are available at the NACJD archive.

A description of the computing code that converts year-specific Prison Admission (Part A), Prison Release (Part B), and Prison Custody (Part D) files into a single term record file is available on the NCRP page of the NACJD archive. Data processing steps also included mapping state-specific codes included in a state's NCRP submission into standard NCRP codes. The mappings are contained in two spreadsheets (See resource guide). One spreadsheet maps state-specific offense codes into NCRP offense codes; the other maps all other categorical variables to NCRP codes.

Prison Admissions (Part A), Prison Releases (Part B), and Prison Custody (Part D) records not used to build Prison Term Records

Instructions provided to the state departments of correction - including key NCRP definitions (e.g., prison, admission, release, custody) - are in the NCRP 2015 Data Collection Manual (See resource guide). Data processing steps also included mapping state-specific codes into NCRP codes. The mappings are contained in two spreadsheets (See resource guide). One maps state-specific offense codes into NCRP offense codes; the other maps all other categorical variables to NCRP codes.

Post-Confinement Community Supervision (PCCS) Term Record File

PCCS term records are built from NCRP PCCS Admission (Part E) and PCCS Release (Part F) records submitted by state departments of correction and community supervision. Instructions for the Part E and F files- including key NCRP definitions (e.g., PCCS, admission, release) - are in the NCRP 2015 Data Collection Manual (See resource guide).

A description of the computing code that converts year-specific PCCS Admission (Part E) and PCCS Release (Part F) files into a single term record file is available on the NCRP page of the NACJD archive.

Parole Exit (Part C) File

Instructions for the Parole Exit (Part C) that were provided to state departments of correction and parole - including key NCRP definitions (e.g., parole, admission, release, custody) - are in the NCRP 2010 Data Collection Manual, the last year that Part C records were included in the NCRP request.

No new C records have been added since the previous NCRP archive files - National Corrections Reporting Program, 2000-2012 (ICPSR 34984). C records are now reclassified as F (PCCS release) records. This is the last year BJS will provide an updated C file.

Data processing steps included mapping state-specific codes into NCRP codes. The mappings are contained in two spreadsheets (See resource guide). One maps state-specific offense codes into NCRP offense codes; the other maps all other categorical variables to NCRP codes.

Post-Confinement Community Supervision Admissions (Part E) and Release (Part F) records not used to build PCCS Term Records

Instructions provided to the state departments of correction and community supervision - including key NCRP definitions (e.g., PCCS, admission, release) - are in the NCRP 2015 Data Collection Manual (See resource guide). Data processing steps also included mapping state-specific codes into NCRP codes. The mappings are contained in two spreadsheets (See resource guide). One maps state- specific offense codes into NCRP offense codes; the other maps all other categorical variables to NCRP codes.

Cross-sectional

All persons admitted to state prison, released from state prison, admitted to state post-confinement community supervision, discharged from state post-confinement community supervision, or in state prison at year end from 2000 to 2015 in the United States.

individual
administrative records data

Variables include offender characteristics (e.g., unique ID number, date of birth, race, sex), sentence characteristics (e.g., county where sentence imposed, offenses, sentence length), date and type of admission to prison, and date and type of release from prison.

2017-06-22

2017-06-22

2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics. National Corrections Reporting Program, 2000-2015. ICPSR36746-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2017-06-22. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36746.v1

2017-06-22 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Notes

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

  • One or more files in this data collection have special restrictions. Restricted data files are not available for direct download from the website; click on the Restricted Data button to learn more.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.
NACJD logo

This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.