Firearm Legislation and Firearm Violence Across Space and Time, United States, 1970-2012 (ICPSR 36688)

Version Date: May 15, 2018 View help for published

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Dana L. Haynie, The Ohio State University; Cynthia G. Colen, The Ohio State University

https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36688.v1

Version V1

Ohio State University Criminal Justice Research Center's State Gun Law Database (1970-2010).

These data are part of NACJD's Fast Track Release and are distributed as they were received from the data depositor. The files have been zipped by NACJD for release, but not checked or processed except for the removal of direct identifiers. Users should refer to the accompanying readme file for a brief description of the files available with this collection and consult the investigator(s) if further information is needed.

The study constructed a comprehensive, longitudinal dataset of all counties nested within U.S. States from 1970 to 2012. The study's main purpose was to facilitate research that would further understanding on firearm legislation and its impacts on violence. This comprehensive data collection effort included information on firearm legislation implemented across U.S. States over time in combination with multiple measures of firearm-related violence and injury. Moreover, to better understand the conditions under which firearm legislation is more or less effective, incorporation of county characteristics allowed for examination of whether the effectiveness of state-level firearm legislation depends upon particular characteristics of counties. The researchers conducted a secondary analysis utilizing a variety of archived external government and census sources.

The Study's Dataset Include two Stata Files:

  • CJRC_firearms_research.dta (95 Variables, 129,027 Cases)
  • state_law_data.dta (19 Variables, 2,168 Cases)

Haynie, Dana L., and Colen, Cynthia G. Firearm Legislation and Firearm Violence Across Space and Time, United States, 1970-2012. [distributor], 2018-05-15. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36688.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote
United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (2014-R2-CX-0004)

State/County

Access to these data is restricted. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete a Restricted Data Use Agreement, specify the reason for the request, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research.

1970 -- 2012
1970 -- 2012

These data are part of NACJD's Fast Track Release and are distributed as they were received from the data depositor. The files have been zipped by NACJD for release, but not checked or processed except for the removal of direct identifiers. Users should refer to the accompanying readme file for a brief description of the files available with this collection and consult the investigator(s) if further information is needed.

This study's main purpose was to facilitate research that will further understanding on firearm legislation and its impacts on violence. Through a comprehensive data collection effort, it included information on firearm legislation implemented across U.S. states over time in combination with multiple measures of firearm-related violence and injury. Moreover, to better understand the conditions under which firearm legislation is more or less effective the researchers incorporated information on state and county-level indicators of firearm prevalence, firearm shops, enforcement of firearm laws, social norms about firearm ownership, demographics on racial and economic inequality, and access to healthcare like emergency care and mental health services. Incorporation of these county characteristics allows for examination of whether the effectiveness of state-level firearm legislation depends upon particular characteristics of counties. These data also allow for the leveraging of change in both firearm legislation and county characteristics over time to better understand how firearm legislation emerges and impacts firearm violence.

The study constructed a comprehensive, longitudinal dataset of all counties nested within U.S. states in order to capture the presence of firearm legislation in a state from 1970-2012. The study focused on state-level firearm legislation due to the prevalence of "preemption laws", which prevent municipal and local-level firearm regulations from conflicting with state legislation. The data on state firearm legislation was built on state firearm legislation data compiled by Vernick and Hepburn, with legal data on all 50 states from 1979 to 1999 in the book "Evaluating Gun Policy: Effects on Crime and Violence" (Vernick and Hepburn 2003).

Data sources utilized for secondary analyses were obtained from these sources:

  • National Archive of Criminal Justice Data,
  • Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence (LCPGV),
  • Uniform Crime Reports - Supplementary Homicide Reports,
  • National Center of Health Statistics (Compressed Mortality Files),
  • Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF),
  • Audited Bureau of Circulations,
  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service,
  • CQ Press,
  • U.S. Census Bureau,
  • United States Department of Agriculture (Rural-Urban Continuum Codes),
  • and the Department of Health and Human Services, Area Health Resource File.

None

Longitudinal

Gun laws and legislation in all 50 States within the United States of America and their underlying counties and county-equivalents from 1970-2012.

State and County Gun Legislation

National Archive of Criminal Justice Data, Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence (LCPGV), Uniform Crime Reports - Supplementary Homicide Reports, National Center of Health Statistics (Compressed Mortality Files), Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF), Audited Bureau of Circulations, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, CQ Press, U.S. Census Bureau, United States Department of Agriculture (Rural-Urban Continuum Codes), Department of Health and Human Services, Area Health Resource File. Additionally, "Evaluating Gun Policy: Effects on Crime and Violence" by Vernick and Hepburn (2003).

The variables present in the datasets includes information on firearm legislation implemented across U.S. states over time in combination with multiple measures of firearm-related violence and injury. The data also include information on state and county-level indicators of: Firearm prevalence and accessibility, firearm shops, enforcement of firearm laws, social norms about firearm ownership, demographics on racial and economic inequality, and access to healthcare like emergency care and mental health services.

The data also detailed variables related to firearm violence including firearm-related homicide, mass murder, suicide, robbery, and assault.

None

None

2018-05-15

Notes

  • These data are part of NACJD's Fast Track Release and are distributed as they were received from the data depositor. The files have been zipped by NACJD for release, but not checked or processed except for the removal of direct identifiers. Users should refer to the accompanying readme file for a brief description of the files available with this collection and consult the investigator(s) if further information is needed.

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

  • One or more files in this data collection have special restrictions. Restricted data files are not available for direct download from the website; click on the Restricted Data button to learn more.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.