The Prevalence and Nature of Intra-and Inter-group Violence in an Era of Social and Demographic Change, 2000-2014 [UNITED STATES] (ICPSR 36677)

Published: Dec 8, 2017

Principal Investigator(s):
Casey Harris, University of Arkansas; Noah Painter-Davis, University of New Mexico

https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36677.v1

Version V1

These data are part of NACJD's Fast Track Release and are distributed as they were received from the data depositor. The files have been zipped by NACJD for release, but not checked or processed except for the removal of direct identifiers. Users should refer to the accompanying readme file for a brief description of the files available with this collection and consult the investigator(s) if further information is needed.

This study used the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) to explore whether changes in the 2000-2010 decade were associated with changes in the prevalence and nature of violence between and among Whites, Blacks, and Hispanics. This study also aimed to construct more accessible NIBRS cross-sectional and longitudinal databases containing race/ethnic-specific measures of violent victimization, offending, and arrest. Researchers used NIBRS extract files to examine the influence of recent social changes on violence for Whites, Blacks, and Hispanics, and used advanced imputation techniques to account for missing values on race/ethnic variables. Data for this study was also drawn from the National Historical Geographic Information System, the Census Gazetteer, and Law Enforcement Officers Killed or Assaulted (LEOKA).

The collection includes 1 Stata data file with 614 cases and 159 variables and 2 Stata syntax files.

Harris, Casey, and Painter-Davis, Noah. The Prevalence and Nature of Intra-and Inter-group Violence in an Era of Social and Demographic Change, 2000-2014 [UNITED STATES]. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2017-12-08. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36677.v1

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United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (2015-R2-CX-0046)

FIPS Place Code

Access to these data is restricted. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete a Restricted Data Use Agreement, specify the reasons for the request, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research.

Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research

2000 -- 2014

2000 -- 2014

These data are part of NACJD's Fast Track Release and are distributed as they were received from the data depositor. The files have been zipped by NACJD for release, but not checked or processed except for the removal of direct identifiers. Users should refer to the accompanying readme file for a brief description of the files available with this collection and consult the investigator(s) if further information is needed.

The goals for this study were to (1) use the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) to explore whether changes in economic inequality and racial/ethnic composition over the 2000-2010 decade were associated with changes in the prevalence and nature of violence among and between Whites, Blacks, and Hispanics and (2) to construct more accessible NIBRS cross-sectional and longitudinal databases containing race/ethnic-specific measures of violent victimization, offending, and arrest.

The data were constructed from National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) extract files and values for missing data were imputed using imputation by chained equations. Users should consult the accompanying documentation for details regarding imputation models.

Ten imputed datasets were created at the incident level for each year under analysis. For each year, the ten imputed datasets were then averaged to take into account the uncertainty associated with the imputations. After averaging the imputations, the data were aggregated to the police agency level and a "months reported correction" was applied to account for the number of months each police agency provided data to NIBRS. Finally, arrests, offending, and victimization counts were aggregated to the census place level to create yearly, census place counts of violence, including measures of inter- and intra-group violence.

For each of the time points provided in this database (2000-2004, 2010-2014), census places were included only if they had at least 500 Whites, Blacks, and Hispanics, all of the agencies within it reported to NIBRS that year, and there were at least two (2) years of valid NIBRS data.

Time Series

Cross-sectional

Census-designated places that participated in the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) between 2000 and 2014, have a total population of at least 5000, have at least 500 Whites, 500 Blacks, and 500 Hispanics, and all of the agencies within it reported to NIBRS that year, and there were at least two (2) years of valid NIBRS data.

Crime Incident

Uniform Crim Reporting Program Data: Police Employee (LEOKA) Data, 2010 (ICPSR 33525)

National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS)

National Historical Geographic Information System

Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data [United States]: Police Employee (LEOKA) Data, 2000 (ICPSR 3445)

The Census Gazetteer

administrative records data

record abstracts

This study contains one Stata dataset that includes 614 cases and 159 variables. The dataset contains administrative variables including data collection years, years of NIBRS coverage, and location codes. A majority of the variables represent administrative data regarding the number of arrests, victimizations, and offenses for each ethnic group examined (White, Black, Hispanic) and by type of crime (violence, homicide, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault). Also included are variables that sort incidents by whether they were inter-racial (White on Black, White on Hispanic, Black on White, Black on Hispanic, Hispanic on White, Hispanic on Black) or intra-racial (White on White, Black on Black, Hispanic on Hispanic) in nature. Census variables were gathered from the National Historical Geographic Information System and include information on population, poverty, unemployment, education, household composition, household mobility, income, percent of population that is young and male, percent of population that is foreign born, and segregation (index of dissimilarity). Finally, the dataset included the number of people per square mile and the number of police officers per 1,000 persons.

Not Applicable

None

2017-12-08

2017-12-08

Notes

  • These data are part of NACJD's Fast Track Release and are distributed as they were received from the data depositor. The files have been zipped by NACJD for release, but not checked or processed except for the removal of direct identifiers. Users should refer to the accompanying readme file for a brief description of the files available with this collection and consult the investigator(s) if further information is needed.

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

  • One or more files in this data collection have special restrictions. Restricted data files are not available for direct download from the website; click on the Restricted Data button to learn more.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.
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This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.