The National Survey of Teen Relationships and Intimate Violence (STRiV) examined the changing nature of adolescent dating relationships, particularly those marked by adolescent relationship abuse (ARA). More specifically, this study was designed to produce nationally representative estimates of the prevalence of multiple forms of ARA among youth (ages 10-18), to document the characteristics of abusive relationships during adolescence, to assess ARA risk factors, and to situate these estimates within the environment of adolescents' key social relationships and communications.
The goals of this study included the following:
Provide a national portrait of the prevalence of varying categories of ARA victimization and perpetration, including levels of physical and emotional injury, and describe how exposure to these forms of ARA varies by gender, socio-economic status and other key demographic characteristics.
Identify specific conditional attitudes, dating relationship characteristics, and peer network dynamics associated with ARA risk, and to determine whether these pathways are uniquely gendered.
Investigate specific consequences of ARA to dating relationships, and whether the adolescent discloses information about ARA incidents to peers and others and their responses.
Researchers recruited a nationally representative sample of 5,105 households with at least one resident youth between the ages of 10 and 18 to complete an adult parent or caregiver baseline survey and a separate child survey online from October 2013 to January 2014. Of the 5,105 recruited households, 556 of the sample actively refused to participate in the study and 1,816 did not respond to the invitation. While the GfK/KnowledgePanel used to collect respondents consisted of a database of resident children, a further 279 households were screened ineligible (for example, the expected youth did not reside in the household), equivalent to about 7% of the responding sample. The 2,354 completed youth surveys represent a participation rate of 50% among eligible households. A somewhat larger group of parents agreed to do the baseline survey (n=2,645); 2,354 of the children of these parents completed a baseline survey.
If the recipient parent or adult caregiver (PCG) consented to participate, a web survey algorithm randomly chose an eligible child in that household to participate in the study. Next, the participating child and PCG received an invitation by e-mail to complete the surveys, which were presented sequentially with child assent required prior to child participation. For the youth survey, the PCG consent rate (for self and child participation) was 82.6%, and the child assent rate was 98.3%. Communications with the PCG stressed the importance of allowing the selected child to complete the survey privately. While the 40-minute youth survey was available in English or Spanish, few youth respondents selected the Spanish option (n=128, 5%). Each youth and parent was provided a small cash incentive ($10 each) for completing the baseline survey.
A similar survey was administered about one year later and included 1,471 parent-child dyads completing the Wave 2 survey (62.5% of the 2,354 original parent-child dyads). Each youth and parent was provided a small cash ($10 each) incentive for completing the Wave 2 survey
Respondents to the National Survey on Teen Relationships and Intimate Violence (STRiV) were recruited from the GfK/KnowledgePanel, a national household address-based probability sample (50,000+ members ages 18 and older) of the United States. A full description of the panel is available from GfK.
From an address-based sampling (ABS) frame covering approximately 97% of U.S. households, randomly sampled households were invited to join KnowledgePanel through postal invitations (English and Spanish) and by telephone follow-up. Using dual sample frames, panel members were further recruited via listed and unlisted telephone numbers, telephone and non-telephone households, and cell phone only households, as well as households with and without internet access. To assure national representativeness, researchers applied the KnowledgePanel statistical weights (see "Weights" below).
US households with at least one resident youth age 10-18.
STRiV includes the following variables:
demographic variables (gender, age, race/ethnicity, language, education, employment status, U.S. Census region, metropolitan area, and Internet access);
household composition including gender and age of all children between ages of 10 and 18;
parent's characterization of child's traits (e.g. athletic, angry, often upset);
parent's characterization of relationship with child and partner;
parent's beliefs about child's current or future dating behavior;
parent's opinions about and/or perpetration of behaviors related to intimate partner violence
child's characterization of relationship with parent;
child's characterization of child's traits (e.g. even-tempered, angry)
child's beliefs about dating relationships, including balance of power (e.g. girls should have the same freedom as boys);
child's relationship experience;
child's opinions about behaviors related to intimate partner violence;
child's experiences with intimate partner violence (victimization and/or perpetration);
child's experiences with sexual harassment and abuse (victimization and/or perpetration);
child's participation in illegal activities;
child's characterization of major friendships;
50% of eligible households participated in the baseline survey. 62.5% of households completing the baseline survey also participated in the Wave 2 follow-up.