The Arrest-Related Deaths (ARD) program is an annual
national census of persons who die either during the
process of arrest or while in the custody of state or local
law enforcement personnel. The Bureau of Justice Statistics
(BJS) implemented the ARD program in 2003 as part of the
Deaths in Custody Reporting Program (DCRP). The DCRP
was initiated to fulfill the data collection requirement of the
Deaths in Custody Reporting Act of 2000 (DICRA, P.L. 106-
247). It collects in-depth information on deaths during arrest
and incarceration, and it provides national-level information
on the deaths of suspects and offenders from their initial
contact with law enforcement personnel through the time
they are incarcerated in a jail or prison.
ARD data are collected to quantify and describe the
circumstances surrounding civilian deaths that take place
during an arrest or while in the custody of law enforcement.
These data describe the prevalence and incidence of arrest-related
deaths across the nation, identify the circumstances
or activities that contribute to these deaths, and reveal
trends in the causes and circumstances of these deaths in
custody at national and state levels. These data can be used
to inform specific policies that may increase the safety of
law enforcement officers and citizens, identify training
needs in law enforcement agencies, and assist in developing
The current ARD program relies on state reporting
coordinators (SRCs) in each of the 50 states and the District
of Columbia to identify and report on all eligible cases of
arrest-related deaths. BJS compiles data from the states to
produce national-level statistics on deaths that occur in the
process of arrest by, or while in the custody of, state and local
law enforcement personnel.
United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Deaths in Custody Reporting Program: Arrest-Related Deaths, 2003-2009. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2016-01-29. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36291.v1
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United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Due to the sensitive nature of the data and to protect
respondent confidentiality, the data are restricted from general dissemination. These data are enclave-only and may only be accessed at ICPSR's location in Ann Arbor, MI. Users wishing to view these data must first contact NACJD, complete an Application for use of the ICPSR Data Enclave (available as part of the documentation for this study), and receive permission to analyze the files before traveling to Ann Arbor. More information may be found at ICPSR's Enclave Data Web site.
Completed forms should be returned to: Director, National Archive of Criminal
Justice Data, Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research,
Institute for Social Research, P.O. Box 1248, University of Michigan, Ann
Arbor, MI 48106-1248, or by fax: 734-647-8200.