The 2012 Annual Probation Survey provides a count of the total number of persons supervised on probation on January 1 and December 31, 2012, and a count of the number of persons entering and exiting probation supervision during 2012. The survey also provides counts of the number of probationers by certain characteristics, such as gender, race, Hispanic or Latino origin, offense, and supervision status. The survey covers all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the federal system.
United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Annual Probation Survey, 2012. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2014-09-12. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR35256.v1
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United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research