The purpose of this study was to evaluate three U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) funded programs that service victims of sex and labor trafficking in the U.S.
Researchers worked with staff from the three U.S. Department of Justice Office for Victims of Crime funded programs being evaluated to collect information on 201 clients served, and the services provided to them, through these programs. Researchers made five site visits to each program over the course of the grant period, during which they conducted a total of 113 key informant interviews with program staff and partner agencies and compiled case narratives describing the experiences of 45 program clients.
The evaluation addressed four questions:
- What are the characteristics of young people who are trafficked, including both sex and labor trafficking?
- What services do young people who were trafficked need? What services do the OVC-funded programs provide, either through their own resources or through partner agencies?
- How is the implementation process viewed by program staff, partner agencies, and those who receive services?
- How are programs working to strengthen community response to trafficked youth?
Researchers collected information on intake, closing and services needed and/or received. Throughout this process, the evaluation team provided feedback and data summaries to each site in order to improve the programs.
Quantitative data represent all 201 clients served by the 3 evaluated programs (The Standing Against Global Exploitation Everywhere, or SAGE, Project; The Salvation Army Trafficking Outreach Program and Intervention Techniques, or STOP-IT, program; and The Streetwork Project at Safe Horizon) between January 2011 and June 2013.
Qualitative data represent a purposive sample from the 201 clients served in the programs, selected to insure inclusion of males, transgender youth, labor trafficking victims, successful cases and challenging cases between January 2011 and June 2013.
Trafficked minors served by any of 3 programs funded by the Office for Victims of Crime and the staff of these programs serving domestic minor victims of human trafficking.
Program data on clients served and services provided.
Key informant interviews with program staff and partner agencies.
Case narratives providing detailed histories of program clients.
administrative records data
This study contains three SAS data sets and one SAS formats file.
services.sas7bdat: This dataset contains 20 variables and 12106 cases. It includes information on:
- Type of service provided to client.
- Status of client's case.
- Whether the service provided was needed during the past month.
- Whether the service was received.
- Whether the service was provided in-house or elsewhere.
- Whether the service needed was available.
- Whether the client was not interested in receiving service.
closing.sas7bdat: This dataset contains 12 variables and 177 cases. It includes information on:
- Date on which case closed
- Last contact date
- Reason for closing case
intake.sas7bdat: This dataset contains 301 variables and 201 cases. It includes information on:
- Intake: This data encompasses information gathered at intake and includes information on the client such as type of intake, intake date, referral source, mandatory participation, demographics, welfare dependency, legally emancipated, last contact date and whether client needs were identified at intake.
- History of Trafficking: This data encompasses information on the clients trafficking history. It includes such topics as whether client has been sexually trafficked; age of first sex trafficking; who was client's sex facilitator; venue of sex solicitation; what was exchanged for sex; was force used; was client labor trafficked and if so what type, who facilitated it and was there forced used?
- Welfare of Client: This data encompasses information on the welfare of the client and includes information on the client such as age; number of children; whether they have a case manager; their living situation; current criminal justice system involvement; whether they are receiving public benefits; education and employment levels; medical and mental health issues; uses contraception, has a history or abuse, sexual behavior history; physical, sexual and emotional abuse history; child neglect history (victim or perpetrator); partner violence history (victim or perpetrator); witness to family or community violence; and whether they are a substance abuser
- Assistance Needed: This data includes information on whether clients need assistance benefits such as food, clothing, housing, education, employment, medical, mental health, substance abuse, victim assistance services, crisis intervention, safety planning, family reunification and counseling.