The purpose of the study was to:
- Determine extent of dating violence in a sample of male and female Latino adolescents;
- Determine the coexistence of other forms of victimization among those who experienced dating violence;
- Examine formal service utilization among Latino adolescents who experienced dating violence;
- Examine informal help-seeking among Latino adolescents who experienced data violence;
- Examine culturally-relevant factors associated with the experience of and responses to dating violence;
- Determine the psychological impact of dating violence on Latino adolescents; and
- Evaluate the role of social resources on victimizations and psychosocial functioning among victimized Latino adolescents.
The Dating Violence among Latino Adolescents (DAVILA) study assessed the victimization experience of a national sample of 1,525 Latino adolescents living in the United States. Trained professionals from an experienced survey research firm conducted the interviews over the phone in either English or Spanish, from September 2011 through February 2012. When a residential household was reached, the interviewer asked about the total number of age-eligible Latino adolescents in the household. If there was more than one eligible adolescent, the next/more recent birthday method was used to select the participant. When an eligible individual was identified and agreed to participate, they were asked the various study instruments in their preferred language. A brief parent interview was completed prior to the adolescent interview. Both consent from the primary caregiver and assent from the youth was obtained. All participants were given the contact information for the National Child Abuse Hotline. Upon completing the survey, participants were asked if they felt distressed and were offered a follow up call for referrals. Interviews lasted on average 12 minutes for caregivers and 33 minutes for adolescents. Upon completion of the survey, adolescent participants were paid ten dollars for their participation and parent participants were paid five dollars.
The Dating Violence among Latino Adolescents (DAVILA) study assessed the victimization of experiences of a national sample of 1,525 Latino adolescents living in the United States. Eligibility for the study was restricted to Latino households with children between 12 and 18 years of age currently living in the home. Initially, probability samples of households with telephones were generated from a national random digit dial (RDD) sample of high density "Hispanic blocks". This sampling frame yielded 111 interviews. In the second sampling frame, telephone numbers were selected at random from a list sample of Hispanic surnames to represent a national sample. This method yielded 1,414 interviews.
All Latino adolescents in the United State between 12 and 18 years of age with land-line phones between September 2011 and February 2012.
The data file (DAVILA Data n=1,525, 758 variables) includes demographic variables on both the parent participant and the adolescent participant including age, sex, ethnic background, country of origin, level of education, employment status, and who they live with. Adolescent participants were asked about past and current abusive situations (physical, emotional and sexual) involving peers, adults, and dating partners. They were also asked about help-seeking behaviors involving school, doctors, police and others, and what types of help were received.
The overall response rate for the sample was 36 percent.
The survey instruments included Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire (JVQ), Conflict Tactics Scale 2 - Short Form (CTS), Help-seeking Questionnaire (HSQ), Brief Acculturation Rating Scale for Mexican-Americans II (Brief ARSMA), Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), Frequency of Delinquency Behavior (FDB), Brown School Connectedness Scale (BSCS), Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), and the Mexican American Cultural Values Scale for Adolescents and Adults (MACVSAA)