Implementation of a Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) Practitioner Evaluation Toolkit, 2010-2012 Six Sites (ICPSR 34307)

Published: Mar 1, 2016 View help for published

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Rebecca Campbell, Michigan State University; Stephanie Townsend, Townsend Consulting and Evaluation; Deborah Bybee, Michigan State University

https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34307.v1

Version V1

These data are part of NACJD's Fast Track Release and are distributed as they were received from the data depositor. The files have been zipped by NACJD for release, but not checked or processed except for the removal of direct identifiers. Users should refer to the accompanying readme file for a brief description of the files available with this collection and consult the investigator(s) if further information is needed.

To address the under-reporting and under-prosecution of adult sexual assaults, some communities in the United States implemented the Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) Program whereby specially trained nurses provide comprehensive psychological, medical, and forensic services for sexual assault to improve post-assault care for victims and the criminal justice system response. The SANE Practitioner Toolkit was created to teach SANE program staff how to evaluate whether prosecution rates increased in their communities after the implantation of their SAME program.

Six SANE programs were selected and provided with comprehensive technical assistance to help them work through the steps in the Toolkit in order to evaluate whether the program was having a beneficial impact on prosecution rates. This study evaluated the effectiveness of the SANE program to increase prosecution rates of sexual assaults through the SANE Practitioner Evaluation Toolkit, and the technical assistance process and resources provided to the sites improved their evaluative abilities.

Campbell, Rebecca, Townsend, Stephanie, and Bybee, Deborah. Implementation of a Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) Practitioner Evaluation Toolkit, 2010-2012 Six Sites. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2016-03-01. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34307.v1

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United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (2009-MU-MU-0002)

SANE site

Access to these data is restricted. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete a Restricted Data Use Agreement, specify the reasons for the request, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research.

Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
1995 -- 2009
2010-10 -- 2011-05

These data are part of NACJD's Fast Track Release and are distributed as they were received from the data depositor. The files have been zipped by NACJD for release, but not checked or processed except for the removal of direct identifiers. Users should refer to the accompanying readme file for a brief description of the files available with this collection and consult the investigator(s) if further information is needed.

The qualitative data are not available as part of this data collection at this time.

The purpose of the study was to evaluate the Sexual Assault Nurse Program (SANE) through a developed practitioner-oriented evaluation Toolkit. The goal was to teach program staff how to evaluate whether prosecution rates increased in their communities after the implementation of their SANE programs. Additionally, researchers evaluated the training process itself by determining whether the resources provided to the sites for evaluating the program were in fact helpful.

This study selected six sites that had implemented the SANE program (two rural, two mid-sized, and two urban) and provided comprehensive technical assistance to help these programs work through the steps in the Toolkit so that they could evaluate whether the program was having a beneficial impact on prosecution rates. Site staff also worked with their prosecutor's office to be able to report official prosecutor outcomes for the cases being evaluated.

The technical assistance included: the Toolkit itself, group conference calls, webinars, individual consultation by phone and email, and in-person site visits. In addition, information was collected from multiple sources of process data (e.g., field notes, qualitative interviews, quantitative satisfaction surveys) to examine whether the resources provided to the sites were in fact helpful and increased their evaluation capacity.

A stratified, national random sample was used (based off of qualified applicants for the program) to identify six SANE programs (two rural, two mid-sized, two urban) that had organizational readiness to participate in program evaluation. Readiness was defined as those programs had the organizational resources to participate in evaluation learning activities without compromising program operations. These sites then used the criteria provided by the Toolkit to evaluate cases that the SANE program was used on. Some of the criteria required by the Toolkit in selecting eligible cases were only including cases where the victim was over the age of 18, a police report was made, victim has full name and date of birth, there was a medical exam performed, etc.

Longitudinal: Cohort / Event-based, Cross-sectional

A stratified, national random sample of facilities that used SANE programs (two rural, two mid-sized, two urban).

SANE cases at the six sites., Six SANE sites.

Program Evaluation: Prosecution Results

Program Evaluation: Toolkit Screening Questions

Process Evaluation: Follow-Up Interview

Process Evaluation: On-Site Interview

Process Evaluation: Post-Implementation Interview

administrative records data, event/transaction data, medical records, observational data

The project includes one dataset with 30 variables and a case count of 1696. It contains variables on site identification, program implementation, case outcomes (such as not charged, plea bargained, trial with acquittal, trial with conviction, and withdrawn) and number of interactions with program sites.

Seventy three SANE sites applied, thirty completed the application in full and ten were deemed eligible. To be eligible, sites had to fulfill the following five requirements: (1) A full time SANE program coordinator; (2) Staffing levels appropriate for the number of patients served per year and geographic area served based off a rating system created from expert advice; (3) Access to the kinds of data needed for the pre/post evaluation design as indicated by affirmative answers to the case documentation questions in the application; (4) A mean score on the ROLE scale above the 25th percentile (i.e. programs scoring in the bottom quartile were disqualified due to concerns that they did not have sufficient organizational readiness and/or support for engaging in this type of evaluation); (5) a letter of support from the prosecutor's office with which the SANE program primarily works granting access to sexual assault prosecution case outcome data. Of the ten eligible sites, six sites were chosen to participate.

All six sites that were evaluated completed the Toolkit evaluation process. Three of the six sites conducted pre-post designs that compared prosecution rates before and after the implementation of their SANE program; the remaining three conducted post-only designs that examined trends in prosecution rates over multiple years in their communities. All six sites participated in process evaluation interviews.

The extent to which the sexual assault case progressed through the system comprised three ordered categories characterizing the ultimate disposition of each case: (1) 1465 cases were not referred/not charged (2) 71 cases were charged by the prosecutor but later withdrawn or acquitted, and (3) 160 cases resulted in a guilty plea or conviction. Cases spanned more than 14 years, from June, 1995 through September, 2009 resulting in a total of 1696 cases.

2016-03-01

2016-03-01

2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • Campbell, Rebecca, Stephanie Townsend, and Deborah Bybee. Implementation of a Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) Practitioner Evaluation Toolkit, 2010-2012 Six Sites. ICPSR34307-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2016-03-01. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34307.v1

Notes

  • These data are part of NACJD's Fast Track Release and are distributed as they were received from the data depositor. The files have been zipped by NACJD for release, but not checked or processed except for the removal of direct identifiers. Users should refer to the accompanying readme file for a brief description of the files available with this collection and consult the investigator(s) if further information is needed.

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

  • One or more files in this data collection have special restrictions. Restricted data files are not available for direct download from the website; click on the Restricted Data button to learn more.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.
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This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.