The following 15 state Departments of Corrections
participated in the study: Arizona, California, Delaware, Florida,
Illinois, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, North
Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, Texas, and Virginia. These departments
supplied Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) with information on each
person released from prison in the state in 1994 (Note: Illinois
releases are for fiscal year 1994 rather than calendar year 1994).
These 15 states were chosen as a purposive sample, based on
willingness to participate, the state's relative contribution to the
overall national prison population, and the state's inclusion in the
earlier study of recidivism conducted by BJS in 1983 (see ICPSR
8875). The 15 states supplied BJS with release records on 302,309
prisoners released in 1994, approximately two-thirds of all prisoners
released in the nation. Using these records, the researchers drew a
representative sample from each state, totaling 38,624 out of the
302,309 released prisoners, stratified by most serious conviction
offense. More detailed information regarding sampling procedures can
be found in the codebook that accompanies this data collection.
Prisoners released during 1994 in the 15 states that the
study covered. The 15 states account for about two-thirds of releases
in the United States in a given year.
FBI and state criminal history files, state Departments