Protective Behaviors of Student Victims of Bullying: A Rare Events Analysis of the 2009 School Crime Supplement to the National Crime Victimization Survey (ICPSR 32741)

Version Date: Feb 25, 2015 View help for published

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Jill Fleury Devoe, American Institutes for Research; Lynn Bauer, American Institutes for Research

Series:

https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR32741.v1

Version V1

This study explored whether bullied students (ages 12 through 18, in grades 6 through 12, enrolled during the current school year, and not homeschooled) engage in specific protective behaviors that inhibit learning, put other students' safety at risk, or foster a negative school climate. It also explored whether bullied students' behaviors varied by the type of bullying (direct, verbal, indirect, or cyber) endured. The researchers conducted secondary analyses of the NATIONAL CRIME VICTIMIZATION SURVEY: SCHOOL CRIME SUPPLEMENT, 2009 (ICPSR 28201), using rare events logistic regression, a technique that enables examination of the effects of several independent variables on a dichotomous dependent variable. The dataset produced contains a total of 65 variables, including 18 variables describing direct, verbal, indirect, and cyber bullying behaviors, 4 variables describing response behaviors by those bullied, and 28 variables describing student and school characteristics.

Fleury Devoe, Jill, and Bauer, Lynn. Protective Behaviors of Student Victims of Bullying: A Rare Events Analysis of the 2009 School Crime Supplement to the National Crime Victimization Survey. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2015-02-25. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR32741.v1

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United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (2009-IJ-CX-0107)
Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
2009
2009-01 -- 2009-06

The syntax files being distributed as part of this data collection can be used to create/generate variables and perform other data manipulations. In order to used the syntax files provided in this collection, users must first obtain the NATIONAL CRIME VICTIMIZATION SURVEY: SCHOOL CRIME SUPPLEMENT, 2009 (ICPSR 28201) from the NACJD Website.

For additional information about the analyses performed by the principal investigators as part of NIJ Grant 2009-IJ-CX-0107 as well as information regarding limitations of the data and the findings, secondary users should reference the project's final report "Behaviors of Student Victims of Bullying: A Rare Events Analysis of the 2009 School Crime Supplement to the National Crime Victimization Survey" (Devoe and Bauer).

This study had two purposes. The first purpose was to explore whether bullied students engage in specific protective behaviors that inhibit learning, put other students' safety at risk, or foster a negative school climate. Such behaviors were defined as avoidance (of places or individuals), truancy, physical fighting, and weapon carrying. The second purpose was to explore whether bullied students' behaviors varied by the type of bullying (direct, verbal, indirect, or cyber) endured.

This study relied upon a multistage, stratified sampling technique that is, for all intents and purposes, analogous to a simple random sample in terms of rare events forecasting. Prior to analysis, the NATIONAL CRIME VICTIMIZATION SURVEY: SCHOOL CRIME SUPPLEMENT, 2009 (ICPSR 28201) data was filtered to include only students who were ages 12 through 18, were enrolled in grades 6 through 12, were enrolled in school in the current school year, and were not homeschooled during this time. Students who did not fulfill one or more of these requirements for age (0 cases), grade (249 cases), enrollment (245 cases), and home schooling (203 cases) were deleted from the analysis. The final unweighted sample size was 4,326.

In the sample, each age category for students between 12 and 17 years old accounted for between 15 and 16 percent of the sample, and 18-year olds accounted for 9 percent. Males accounted for 51 percent of the sample and females 49 percent. Sixty-three percent of the sample was White, non-Hispanic; 12 percent was Black, non-Hispanic; 19 percent was of Hispanic origin; and 6 percent of the sample was of other, non-Hispanic race/ethnicities. Nine percent of the sample were 6th graders; 7th, 8th, and 9th graders each accounted for 15 percent of the sample; 16 percent were in 10th grade; and 11th and 12th graders each accounted for 14 percent. Household income ranged from less than $7,500 per year for 2 percent of the sample to over $75,000 per year for 20 percent of the sample. Twenty-seven percent of the sample lived in urban locations, 56 percent in suburban locations, and 17 percent in rural areas.

Cross-sectional

National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) household members aged 12 through 18.

individual

NATIONAL CRIME VICTIMIZATION SURVEY: SCHOOL CRIME SUPPLEMENT, 2009 (ICPSR 28201)

program source code

The Stata syntax available as part of this data collection includes code to create 65 variables from the NATIONAL CRIME VICTIMIZATION SURVEY: SCHOOL CRIME SUPPLEMENT, 2009 (ICPSR 28201). One variable represents the subsample of cases selected from the 2009 SCS data file (as described in the Sampling metadata field). A total of 18 independent variables (describing direct, verbal, indirect, and cyber bullying behaviors), 4 dependent variables (describing response behaviors by those bullied), and 28 control variables (describing student and school characteristics) exist. The remaining 14 variables are dummy variables created for analysis purposes.

2015-02-25

2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • Fleury Devoe, Jill, and Lynn Bauer. Protective Behaviors of Student Victims of Bullying: A Rare Events Analysis of the 2009 School Crime Supplement to the National Crime Victimization Survey. ICPSR32741-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2015-02-25. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR32741.v1

2015-02-25 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

The data contain weights for creating national estimates.

Notes

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

NACJD logo

This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.