Juvenile Residential Facility Census, 2000-2010 -- Concatenated Data [United States] (ICPSR 27542)

Alternate Title:   JRFC Concatenated Data

Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention


The Juvenile Residential Facility Census (JRFC) collected basic information on facility characteristics, including size, structure, security arrangements, and ownership. It also collected information on the use of bedspace in the facility to indicate whether the facility was experiencing crowding. The JRFC included questions about the type of facility, such as detention center, training school, ranch, or group home. This information was complemented by a series of questions about other residential services provided by the facility, such as independent living, foster care, or other arrangements. JRFC used four modules to collect information on the physical health services, educational services, substance abuse treatment, and mental health treatment provided to youth in these facilities. These four modules were not always collected each year. While not evaluating the effectiveness or quality of these services, the JRFC gathered important information about the youth the services were directed toward and how the services were provided. The census indicated the use of screenings or tests conducted to determine counseling, education, health, or substance abuse needs, and also examined prominent issues about conditions of confinement, including the restraint of youth and improper absences from the facility. The JRFC has been administered biennially since 2000, in even-numbered years. The census reference date is the fourth Wednesday in October.

Series: Juvenile Residential Facility Census (JRFC) Series

Access Notes

  • One or more files in this data collection have special restrictions ; consult the restrictions note to learn more. You can apply online for access to the restricted-use data. A login is required to apply.

    The data are restricted from general dissemination and are only available through remote access using the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data's Restricted Survey Documentation and Analysis (RSDA) system. Users interested in accessing these data through NACJD's RSDA system must complete a RSDA Data Use Agreement form and specify the reasons for the request. Apply for access to these data through the ICPSR restricted data contract portal.

    Any public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.


Juvenile Residential Facility Census, 2000-2010 -- Concatenated Data [United States]
No downloadable data files available.

Study Description


United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Juvenile Residential Facility Census, 2000-2010 -- Concatenated Data [United States]. ICPSR27542-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2013-03-08. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR27542.v2

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR27542.v2

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    census data, correctional facilities, educational needs, group homes, health care services, juvenile detention, juvenile offenders, juveniles, mental health services, pregnancy, substance abuse treatment, vaccines

Smallest Geographic Unit:    state

Geographic Coverage:    Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York (state), North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, United States, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

Time Period:   

  • 2000
  • 2002
  • 2004
  • 2006
  • 2008
  • 2010

Date of Collection:   

  • 2000-10-25 (fourth Wednesday in October 2000)
  • 2002-10-23 (fourth Wednesday in October 2002)
  • 2004-10-27 (fourth Wednesday in October 2004)
  • 2006-10-25 (fourth Wednesday in October 2006)
  • 2008-10-22 (fourth Wednesday in October 2008)
  • 2010-10-27 (fourth Wednesday in October 2010)

Unit of Observation:    facility

Universe:    Juvenile residential facilities in the United States holding at least one juvenile for an offense on the census reference date in 2000, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008, and 2010.

Data Type(s):    census/enumeration data

Data Collection Notes:

Additional information about the JRFC and other national juvenile corrections data collections sponsored by OJJDP is available from the National Juvenile Corrections Data Resource Guide.

Individual years of data from the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP) and Juvenile Residential Facility Census (JRFC), a complement to the CJRP data, are available through enclave access. Users interested in utilizing the enclave data must complete an Application for Use of the ICPSR Data Enclave. Additional data in the CJRP Series, JRFC Series, and the Matched CJRP/JRFC Series are available through the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data's Restricted Survey Documentation and Analysis (RSDA) system. Users interested in accessing these data through NACJD's RSDA system must complete a RSDA Data Use Agreement.


Sample:    The inclusion criteria for facilities in the census were: the facility must house persons under the age of 21 who were charged with or adjudicated for an offense, and were present in the facility on the reference date because of that offense. JRFC did not capture data on adult prisons or jails, nor did it include facilities that are used exclusively for mental health or substance abuse treatment or for dependent children.

Mode of Data Collection:    mail questionnaire

Data Source:

United States Bureau of the Census questionnaires

Response Rates:    Not available.

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Created online analysis version with question text.
  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   2012-04-20

Version History:

  • 2013-03-08 Additional years of data (JRFC 2008 and JRFC 2010) have been added to the JRFC Concatenated Data.

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