Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities, 2005 (ICPSR 24642)

Published: May 12, 2017

Principal Investigator(s):
United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics



Version V3

This census is the seventh enumeration of state adult correctional institutions and the fourth of federal institutions sponsored by the Bureau of Justice Statistics and conducted by the Bureau of the Census. Earlier censuses were completed in 1979 (ICPSR 7852), 1984 (ICPSR 8444), 1990 (ICPSR 9908), 1995 (ICPSR 6953), and 2000 (ICPSR 4021). For each facility, information was provided on physical security, age, functions, capacity, court orders for specific conditions, one-day counts and average populations, race/ethnicity of inmates, inmate work assignments, inmate deaths, special inmate counts, assaults, and incidents caused by inmates.

United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities, 2005. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2017-05-12. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR24642.v3

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote

United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics




The facility universe was developed from the Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities conducted in 2000. Each state's department of corrections was contacted to identify new facilities and facilities that had been closed since June, 2000. Telephone follow-ups were carried out during 2006. All but one respondent -- the state of Illinois -- participated in the census. Facilities were included in the enumeration if they were: (1) staffed with federal, state, local, or private employees, (2) held inmates primarily for state or federal authorities, (3) were physically, functionally, and administratively separate from other facilities, and (4) were operational on December 30, 2005.

The census included the following types of adult correctional facilities:

  • Prisons

  • Prison farms

  • Reception, diagnostic, and classification centers

  • Facilities primarily for parole violators and other persons returned to custody

  • Road camps, forestry camps, and conservation camps

  • Youthful offender facilities except in California

  • Vocational training facilities

  • Drug and alcohol treatment facilities

  • State operated local detention facilities in Alaska, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Rhode Island, and Vermont

The census excluded the following types of institutions:

  • Private facilities not primarily for state or federal inmates

  • Military facilities

  • Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) facilities

  • Bureau of Indian Affairs facilities

  • Facilities operated by or for local government, including those housing state prisoners

  • Facilities operated by the United States Marshals Service

  • Hospital wings and wards reserved for state prisoners

  • Facilities that hold only juveniles

correctional facility

survey data



2017-05-12 Added value labels to V38 (Percentage of inmates permitted to leave facility). The codebook has also been updated so valid values and their corresponding values for V38 now appear.

2010-10-05 Un-suppress V9 (Physical address) and V10 (Physical city).

2009-04-03 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

NACJD logo

This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.