Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities, 2005 (ICPSR 24642)

Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics


This census is the seventh enumeration of state adult correctional institutions and the fourth of federal institutions sponsored by the Bureau of Justice Statistics and conducted by the Bureau of the Census. Earlier censuses were completed in 1979 (ICPSR 7852), 1984 (ICPSR 8444), 1990 (ICPSR 9908), 1995 (ICPSR 6953), and 2000 (ICPSR 4021). For each facility, information was provided on physical security, age, functions, capacity, court orders for specific conditions, one-day counts and average populations, race/ethnicity of inmates, inmate work assignments, inmate deaths, special inmate counts, assaults, and incidents caused by inmates.

Series: Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities Series

Access Notes

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

  • These data have been updated since their release as https://doi.org/ICPSR24642.v2, which you used to locate the data. If you need access to a previous version of the data (e.g., to replicate results in an article or report), you can contact ICPSR User Support to find out if a prior version is available.


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Study Description


United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities, 2005. ICPSR24642-v3. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2017-05-12. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR24642.v3

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR24642.v3

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    census data, correctional facilities (adults), corrections, corrections management, inmate deaths, inmate populations, inmate programs, inmates, jails, prison administration, prison conditions, prison construction, prison overcrowding

Smallest Geographic Unit:    city

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 2005

Date of Collection:   

  • 2005

Unit of Observation:    correctional facility


The facility universe was developed from the Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities conducted in 2000. Each state's department of corrections was contacted to identify new facilities and facilities that had been closed since June, 2000. Telephone follow-ups were carried out during 2006. All but one respondent -- the state of Illinois -- participated in the census. Facilities were included in the enumeration if they were: (1) staffed with federal, state, local, or private employees, (2) held inmates primarily for state or federal authorities, (3) were physically, functionally, and administratively separate from other facilities, and (4) were operational on December 30, 2005.

The census included the following types of adult correctional facilities:


Prison farms

Reception, diagnostic, and classification centers

Facilities primarily for parole violators and other persons returned to custody

Road camps, forestry camps, and conservation camps

Youthful offender facilities except in California

Vocational training facilities

Drug and alcohol treatment facilities

State operated local detention facilities in Alaska, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Rhode Island, and Vermont

The census excluded the following types of institutions:

Private facilities not primarily for state or federal inmates

Military facilities

Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) facilities

Bureau of Indian Affairs facilities

Facilities operated by or for local government, including those housing state prisoners

Facilities operated by the United States Marshals Service

Hospital wings and wards reserved for state prisoners

Facilities that hold only juveniles

Data Type(s):    survey data


Mode of Data Collection:    self-enumerated questionnaire

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   2009-04-03

Version History:

  • 2017-05-12 Added value labels to V38 (Percentage of inmates permitted to leave facility). The codebook has also been updated so valid values and their corresponding values for V38 now appear.
  • 2010-10-05 Un-suppress V9 (Physical address) and V10 (Physical city).

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