Trajectories of Violent Offending and Risk Status Across Adolescence and Early Adulthood, 1976-1986 [United States] (ICPSR 21021)

Published: Oct 26, 2007

Principal Investigator(s):
James Nash, Portland State University

https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR21021.v1

Version V1

This study investigated violent offending in adolescence and early adulthood with an aim of building practical knowledge to guide prevention programs and policies. The study examined risk factors that influence violent offending and described how offending and risk levels change over adolescence and into early adulthood. The study used data from Waves I to VII of the NATIONAL YOUTH SURVEY (NYS), conducted by Delbert Elliott between 1977 and 1987. Separate datasets for Waves I to VII were merged to create a single longitudinal dataset, using SAS system software. The NYS includes baseline information on youth and family background and demographic characteristics, as well as longitudinal data on the behaviors and attitudes of youths, and youths' perceptions of parent, neighborhood, and peer group factors.

Nash, James. Trajectories of Violent Offending and Risk Status Across Adolescence and Early Adulthood, 1976-1986 [United States]. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2007-10-26. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR21021.v1

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United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (2004-IJ-CX-0017)

none

1976 -- 1986

1977 -- 1987

In order to use the SAS system files provided in this collection, users must first obtain the NATIONAL YOUTH SURVEY [UNITED STATES]: WAVE I, 1976 (ICPSR 8375), WAVE II, 1977 (ICPSR 8424), WAVE III, 1978 (ICPSR 8506), WAVE IV, 1979 (ICPSR 8917), WAVE V, 1980 (ICPSR 9112), WAVE VI, 1983 (ICPSR 9948), and WAVE VII, 1987 (ICPSR 6542) available from the ICPSR Web site (http://www.icpsr.umich.edu).

This study investigated violent offending in adolescence and early adulthood with an aim of building practical knowledge to guide prevention programs and policies. The study examined risk factors that influence violent offending and described how offending and risk levels change over adolescence and into early adulthood. Specifically, by using the NATIONAL YOUTH SURVEY, the researchers sought to (1) fit models that identify distinct developmental trajectories of violent offending over time, (2) fit models that identify distinct trajectories of risk levels over time, and (3) fit dual trajectory models of risk and offending.

The study used data from Waves I to VII of the NATIONAL YOUTH SURVEY (NYS), conducted by Delbert Elliott between 1977 and 1987. Wave I of the NYS occurred in 1977, when a national probability sample of youths and one parent or legal guardian were interviewed about events occurring in 1976 and about background and demographic information. Follow-up surveys of youths occurred annually from 1978 to 1981 (Waves II to V). Additional follow-up surveys of youths occurred in 1984 (Wave VI) and 1987 (Wave VII). Separate datasets for Waves I to VII were merged to create a single longitudinal dataset, using SAS system software. Observations across waves were linked by creating a common identifier based on household and youth ID numbers. The NYS includes baseline information on youth and family background and demographic characteristics, as well as longitudinal data on the behaviors and attitudes of youths, and youths' perceptions of parent, neighborhood, and peer group factors. The longitudinal dataset contained one observation per study participant and included measures of age at each wave, along with measures of fixed demographics and background characteristics. The dataset included measures of fixed risk factors (i.e., low SES and parent beliefs legitimizing aggression), and it also included wave-specific measures of violent offending and time-varying risk factors. The researchers examined three time-varying risk factors measured at Waves I to VII. Youths' beliefs legitimizing aggression (BLA) were measured by averaging responses to two items pertaining to the extent to which a respondent agreed that it is necessary (1) to beat up someone to gain peers' respect and (2) to play dirty in order to win. Bonding with delinquent peers (BDP) was calculated as the product of a peer involvement score and a delinquent peers deviation score, based on the work of Elliott and colleagues (1985). The researchers measured involvement in conventional activities (ICA) as the average of the standardized Family, School, and Community Involvement Scales described by Elliott and colleagues (1985), in Waves I to III, combined with a standardized aggregate measure of employment in Waves IV to VII. These variables were coded so that higher scores consistently reflected higher levels of risk.

The analysis sample included 1,227 respondents with complete data from Wave I through Wave VII of the National Youth Survey on measures of violent offending.

inap.

individual

NATIONAL YOUTH SURVEY [UNITED STATES]: WAVE I, 1976 (ICPSR 8375), WAVE II, 1977 (ICPSR 8424), WAVE III, 1978 (ICPSR 8506), WAVE IV, 1979 (ICPSR 8917), WAVE V, 1980 (ICPSR 9112), WAVE VI, 1983 (ICPSR 9948), and WAVE VII, 1987 (ICPSR 6542)

survey data

face-to-face interview

telephone interview

Self-reported violent offending was the dependent variable of interest. All models included demographic and background variables as well as measures of violent offending and risk status.

Not applicable.

The Family, School, and Community Involvement scales described by Elliott and colleagues (1985) measured the amount of time a youth spent on specific normative activities per week (e.g., homework, sports, and school activities). In this study, scores on the three scales were standardized and averaged to create an aggregate measure of involvement in conventional activities.

2007-10-26

2007-10-26

Notes

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

NACJD logo

This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.