United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
This collection provides annual data on jail populations
across the nation and examines the "spillover" effect on local jails
resulting from the dramatic growth in federal and state prison
populations. These data permit an assessment of the demands placed on
correctional resources and provide a comprehensive picture of the
adult correctional system and changes that occur within the system.
Information is available on the number of inmates by sex, race, and
adult or juvenile status. Facility characteristics were collected
regarding capacity and average daily population.
Annual Survey of Jails Data Series
U.S. Dept. of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. ANNUAL SURVEY OF JAILS: JURISDICTION-LEVEL DATA, 1996. Conducted by U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. ICPSR ed. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [producer and distributor], 2001. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06856.v1
Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06856.v1
- RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
- EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)
This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Scope of Study
Date of Collection:
All local jails in the United States listed in the
NATIONAL JAIL CENSUS, 1993 (ICPSR 6648) with allocation to the strata
based on the 1993 average daily population.
Data Collection Notes:
(1) The Census Bureau used a nine-digit Government
Identification Number to identify each jail uniquely. This variable
has been broken up into four different variables. Users of the data
will have to combine these four variables to identify a particular
jail. (2) The codebook is provided as a Portable Document Format
(PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems
Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as
the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of
the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.
A stratified random sample of county or city jurisdictions
stratified by average daily population as reported by the NATIONAL
JAIL CENSUS, 1993 (ICPSR 6648), and the Annual Survey of Jails, 1996.
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of
disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major
statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to
these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
Performed consistency checks.
Standardized missing values.
Created online analysis version with question text.
Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 1998-05-11
- 2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one
or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well
as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable,
and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to
reflect these additions.
- 2001-10-16 At the request of the principal investigator, the
title of this study was changed from National Survey of Jails:
Jurisdiction-Level Data, 1996, to Annual Survey of Jails:
Jurisdiction-Level Data, 1996, to more accurately reflect the scope of
the survey. Corresponding documentation files have been edited to
reflect the change in title.
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