Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities, 2000 (ICPSR 4021)

Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics


This census is the sixth enumeration of state adult correctional institutions and the third of federal institutions sponsored by the Bureau of Justice Statistics and conducted by the Bureau of the Census. Earlier censuses were completed in 1974 (ICPSR 7811), 1979 (ICPSR 7852), 1984 (ICPSR 8444), 1990 (ICPSR 9908), and 1995 (ICPSR 6953). For each facility, information was provided on physical security, age, functions, capacity, court orders for specific conditions, one-day counts and average populations, race/ethnicity of inmates, inmate work assignments, inmate deaths, special inmate counts, assaults, and incidents caused by inmates.

Series: Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities Series

Access Notes

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.


Dataset - Download All Files (22.016 MB)
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ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   

Study Description


U.S. Dept. of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. CENSUS OF STATE AND FEDERAL ADULT CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES, 2000. Conducted by U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. ICPSR ed. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [producer and distributor], 2004. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04021.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04021.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    census data, correctional facilities (adults), corrections, corrections management, inmate deaths, inmate populations, inmate programs, inmates, jails, prison administration, prison conditions, prison construction, prison overcrowding

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 2000

Date of Collection:   

  • 2000

Universe:    The facility universe was developed from the Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities. The list was revised using the 2000 American Correctional Association Directory and information obtained from State and private correctional administrators and the Federal Bureau of Prisons. The Census includes the following types of state, federal, and private correctional facilities intended for adults but sometimes also holding juveniles: prisons, penitentiaries, and correctional institutions, boot camps, community corrections, prison farms, reception, diagnostic and classification centers, road camps, forestry and conservation camps, youthful offender facilities (except in California), vocational training facilities, prison hospitals, and drug and alcohol treatment facilities for prisoners. State-operated local detention facilities in Alaska, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Rhode Island, and Vermont were also included. Facilities were included in the census if they: (1) were staffed with federal, state, local, or private employees, (2) housed primarily state or federal prisoners, (3) were physically, functionally, and administratively separate from other facilities, and (4) were in operation on June 30, 2000. Specifically excluded from the census were: (1) private facilities not primarily for state or federal inmates, (2) military facilities, (3) Immigration and Naturalization Service facilities, (4) Bureau of Indian Affairs facilities, (5) facilities operated by or for local governments, including those housing state prisoners, (6) facilities operated by the United States Marshals Service, (7) hospital wings and wards reserved for state prisoners, and (8) facilities that hold only juveniles.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.


Sample:    Data were collected from 84 federal facilities and 1,584 non-federal facilities operating on June 30, 2000.

Data Source:

self-enumerated questionnaires

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   2004-07-09

Version History:

  • 2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.

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