Adaptation Process of Cuban and Mexican Immigrants in the United States, 1972-1979 (ICPSR 9672)

Principal Investigator(s): Portes, Alejandro, Johns Hopkins University


For this data collection, Cuban and Mexican male immigrants were interviewed upon their entry into the United States in 1973-1974, with follow-up interviews in 1976 and 1979. The project sought to explore the causes and results of changes that occur following immigration by examining the complex interrelationships between the effects of what immigrants "bring with them" and the social and economic context that receives them. The first interview elicited demographic information such as marital status, number of children, education, parental information, present and prior occupations, date and community of birth, prior residency in the United States, present residency, relatives and friends in the United States, religious practices, and association membership. Respondents were also asked about their reasons for coming to the United States, plans to change residency, perceptions of discrimination in the United States, and aspirations concerning future occupations, salaries, education, and opportunities to reach their goals. Subsequent interviews expanded upon or recorded changes in these areas and also added wife's information and items on perceptions of problems in the United States, ethnicity of social relationships and neighborhood, satisfaction with living in the United States, plans to return to their homeland, languages spoken, read, and listened to, whether residence was owned or rented, and whether respondent had become a United States citizen. The study also recorded Duncan Scores, Treiman Scores, and scores on the Kahl Modernity Index, Knowledge of English Index, and Knowledge of U.S. Index.

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DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  First, Second, and Third Waves: Cuban Immigrants - Download All Files (6.058 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   
DS2:  First, Second, and Third Waves: Mexican Immigrants - Download All Files (6.612 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup   

Study Description


Portes, Alejandro. Adaptation Process of Cuban and Mexican Immigrants in the United States, 1972-1979. ICPSR09672-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1992.

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This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health
  • National Science Foundation (NSF-SOC-75-16151, SOC-77-22089, MH-27666/01-04, 815-0620, and R01-HD-14281)
  • Ford Foundation
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    adaptation, aspirations, birth, children, Cuban Americans, demographic characteristics, discrimination, education, ethnicity, human behavior, immigrants, marital status, memberships, Mexican Americans, motivation, occupations, parents, religious beliefs, residents, salaries

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1972--1979

Universe:    Cuban and Mexican immigrants to the United States.

Data Type(s):    survey data


Sample:    The number of respondents in 1973-1974 included 590 Cubans and 822 Mexicans. Of these, 427 Cubans and 439 Mexicans were reinterviewed in 1976, and 413 Cubans and 455 Mexicans were reinterviewed in 1979. (Cases retrieved during each follow-up do not completely overlap.) The sample overestimated Mexican immigration originating in eastern and central Mexico and going to Texas, Arizona, New Mexico, Illinois, and the Midwest. The sample underestimated Mexican immigration originating in western Mexico and going to California.

Data Source:

personal interviews and telephone interviews

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.


Original ICPSR Release:   1992-05-12

Version History:

  • 2006-01-18 File CB9672.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.

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