The Tecumseh Community Health Study is a longitudinal, ongoing prospective epidemiologic study of a natural community's health and disease status. Data have been collected on the Tecumseh population in southeast Michigan for over 30 years, beginning with a 1957 canvass of all households and adding all newcomers to the community until 1970, after which only previous residents have been followed. The Tecumseh project has conducted over 80 different studies, including both disease-specific investigations and studies concerned with the prevalence and incidence of disease in the community. The core data file for the years 1959-1969 contains data collected in Round I: 1959-1960, Round II: 1962-1965, and Round III: 1967-1969 (referred to as the Cardiovascular Studies I, II, and III, and the General Surveillance Study II). These data include information taken from baseline medical history interviews, medical examinations, clinical measurements, laboratory work, and electrocardiograms. Mortality status of all persons at the time of attempted or actual contact in Round III is also provided. The major variable groups include demographic information, family history of major diseases, systematic review of present and past symptoms and conditions, smoking and drinking habits, physical examinations, measurements and laboratory work, and electrocardiogram results.
Distributor(s)Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
Date of Collection
1959 -- 1969
Data Collection Notes
The age distribution of respondents was as follows: N = 471 aged 65+ at Round I, N = 470 aged 65+ at Round II, N = 505 aged 65+ at Round III, and N = 461 deceased at Round III. The machine-readable documentation materials provided with this collection include an OSIRIS dictionary, a codebook, and an appendix describing medical measures used at each round. Additional duplicated materials include univariate statistics and frequencies of variables, a chronological list of specific studies with the Tecumseh population between 1957 and 1987, a bibliography, and adult questionnaires and clinic forms. Both the machine-readable and the printed codebooks are necessary to fully use this collection.
Tecumseh, Michigan was chosen as the sample site for this data collection effort, in part because of the representative nature of its size and population, and in part because of the willingness of community leaders and medical professionals to participate in a comprehensive prospective epidemiologic investigation. All 8,800 residents of the 2,400 households in Tecumseh in 1957 were canvassed. In each of three rounds of data collection (1959-1960, 1962-1965, and 1967-1969), interviews and medical examinations were conducted with remaining and new household residents, yielding a total of 11,563 persons who were examined at least once and 4,312 who were examined during all three rounds. The current file contains data for only the 8,637 Caucasians who were first examined at Round I.
Midwest communities of average size combining industrial and rural populations.
personal interviews, parental proxy interviews for children under 16 years, medical examinations and measurements, laboratory analyses, and death records
Original Release Date
Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.
- The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.
This study is provided by ICPSR. ICPSR provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for a diverse and expanding social science research community.