This data collection is a sociohistorical study of the ways in which three generations (Issei, Nisei, and Sansei) of Japanese American families adapted to social, cultural, educational, occupational, and other institutions of American life. The study examines the experience of the first immigrants to the United States (Issei), and their children (Nisei) and grandchildren (Sansei). Interviews with Issei families stressed the difficulties faced by the immigrants during their early years in the United States, as well as aspects of social and cultural life. Interviews with Nisei included questions on employment, attitudes toward work, income, education, marriage, social relationships, discrimination, and religion. Topics covered in Sansei interviews included birth order, age, marital status, children, social relationships, occupation, industry, income, education, Japanese value systems, marital choices, influence of parents and grandparents, discrimination, religion, political attitudes, and migration.
Each generation in this study is a representative nationwide mainland United States sample. The Issei sample was chosen from a project listing 18,000 Issei who survived until 1962 and lived on the United States mainland. It is stratified by county and is designed to achieve equal representation of those living in neighborhoods of six different levels of housing quality. The sample is further stratified to represent the density of the population of the Japanese-American community within each county. Nisei and Sansei respondents were obtained by requesting the names and addresses of children and grandchildren from the parents.
The Issei sample was chosen from a project listing 18,000 Issei who survived until 1962 and lived on the United States mainland.
personal interviews, mail questionnaires, and telephone interviews
Original Release Date
2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 4 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
1986-04-28 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Standardized missing values.
1997-10-13 The data collection instruments and documentation have been converted to PDF files, and SPSS data definition statements have been added to this collection.
The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.
This study is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Computerized Data on Aging (NACDA), the aging program within ICPSR. NACDA is sponsored by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) at the National Institutes of Heath (NIH).