Social Effects of Minor Tranquilizer Use: Detroit, 1981 (ICPSR 8415)

Principal Investigator(s): Caplan, Robert D.; Andrews, Frank M.; French, John R.P. Jr.


This study examined the effects of diazapam (Valium) use on a number of social-psychological variables related to mental health. These included stress, coping, perceived performance, and quality of life. A longitudinal survey was conducted in which a heterogeneous group of persons recently prescribed diazapam was interviewed four times, six weeks apart. In addition, questionnaire data were obtained from a significant other in the respondent's personal life and, if employed, from a significant other at work. The same procedure was followed for a group of non-users of diazapam.

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Study Description


Caplan, Robert D., Frank M. Andrews, and John R.P. French, Jr. SOCIAL EFFECTS OF MINOR TRANQUILIZER USE: DETROIT, 1981. Ann Arbor, MI: Survey Research Center [producer], 1981. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1987.

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This study was funded by:

  • Hoffman-LaRoche, Inc.

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    drugs, health, mental health, quality of life, United States

Universe:    All persons 18 and older in the Detroit metropolitan area who had been prescribed diazepam or a nonaxiolic drug in the six weeks prior to the survey.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

1) Several changes have been made to the data since the preparation of the codebook. All memoranda regarding these changes must be carefully noted. The printed codebook should also be checked against the machine-readable dictionary to verify length and placement of the variables. 2) The codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.


Sample:    The sample was not intended to be a random sample. The pool of respondents was selected to represent a broad array of social and demographic characteristics. Nearly all of the respondents were selected from pharmacy records. Forty-eight percent of those contacted agreed to be interviewed. Eighty-five percent of those who were interviewed in phase one continued through to phase four.

Data Source:

personal interviews


Original ICPSR Release:   1987-05-19

Version History:

  • 2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.

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