Health Interview Survey, 1980 (ICPSR 8223)
Published: Mar 8, 2011
The basic purpose of the Health Interview Survey is to obtain information about the amount and distribution of illness, its effects in terms of disability and chronic impairments, and the kinds of health services people receive. There are five types of records in the core survey, each in a separate data file. The variables in the Household File (Part 1) include type of living quarters, size of family, number of families in the household, presence of a telephone, number of unrelated individuals, and region. The Person File (Part 2) includes information on sex, age, race, marital status, Hispanic origin, education, veteran status, family income, family size, major activities, health status, activity limits, employment status, and industry and occupation. These variables are found in the Condition, Doctor Visit, and Hospital Episode Files as well. The Person File also supplies data on height, weight, bed days, doctor visits, hospital stays, years at residence, and region variables. The Condition File (Part 3) contains information for each reported health condition, with specifics on injury and accident reports. The Hospital Episode File (Part 4) provides information on medical conditions, hospital episodes, type of service, type of hospital ownership, date of admission and discharge, number of nights in hospital, and operations performed. The Doctor Visit File (Part 5) documents doctor visits within the time period and identifies acute or chronic conditions. A sixth, seventh, eighth, and ninth data set have been supplied along with the core files. The Health Insurance Supplement File (Part 6) contains questions about health insurance plans. The type of plan, including private, Medicare, Medicaid, military and other plans, and coverage or reasons for lack of coverage are provided. The Home Care Supplement File (Part 7) includes variables which were used to define the need for personal (individual) home care as a result of a chronic health condition, as well as the use of eyeglasses and contact lenses and hearing aids. The Residential Mobility Supplement File (Part 8) asks questions concerning where the respondent lives, length of time at an address, number of moves, number of miles moved, and with whom the respondent lives. The Smoking Supplement File (Part 9) contains variables on smoking status, number of cigarettes smoked, length of time smoked, tar and nicotine levels, and attempts to quit smoking.
In preparing the data files for this collection, the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) has removed direct identifiers and characteristics that might lead to identification of data subjects. As an additional precaution, NCHS requires, under Section 308(d) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 242m), that data collected by NCHS not be used for any purpose other than statistical analysis and reporting. NCHS further requires that analysts not use the data to learn the identity of any persons or establishments and that the director of NCHS be notified if any identities are inadvertently discovered. ICPSR member institutions and other users ordering data from ICPSR are expected to adhere to these restrictions.
Date of Collection
Data Collection Notes
Per agreement with the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), ICPSR distributes the data files and text of the technical documentation for this collection as prepared by NCHS.
These data files contain weights, which must be used in any analysis.
The data contain amp (&), dash (-), and blank codes. A new condition recode, Recode 5, has been added to the condition record. It corresponds to the summary recode in the Ninth Revision International Classification of Diseases with the addition of residual categories. Recode 5 will provide a measure of continuity between condition data on the 1980 (and 1981) Public Use Tapes and data from 1982 and succeeding years when major changes will be made to both the acute and chronic condition categories.
A multistage probability sample was used in selecting the housing units.
Civilian, noninstitutionalized population of the United States and the District of Columbia from 1,900 geographically defined Primary Sampling Units (PSU).
Mode of Data Collection
Original Release Date
1984-07-12 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Created online analysis version with question text.
2011-03-08 Full product suite (SAS, SPSS, Stata) has been created/added. Some corresponding documentation has been updated and added.
2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 10 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
These data contain multiple weight variables for each part. Users should refer to the User Guide for further information regarding the weights and their derivation. Additionally, users may need to weight the data prior to analysis. Detailed information regarding the use of weights is located within the documentation.
The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.
This study is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Computerized Data on Aging (NACDA), the aging program within ICPSR. NACDA is sponsored by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) at the National Institutes of Heath (NIH).