Americans View Their Mental Health, 1957 and 1976: Selected Variables (ICPSR 7949)

Principal Investigator(s): Veroff, Joseph; Douvan, Elizabeth; Kulka, Richard


This data collection contains 262 comparable variables from AMERICANS VIEW THEIR MENTAL HEALTH, 1957 (ICPSR 3503) and AMERICANS VIEW THEIR MENTAL HEALTH, 1976 (ICPSR 7948). Investigators were interested in determining whether the 1957 descriptive findings remained stable or had changed by 1976, and whether relationships established between sex, age, education, marital status, well-being, role experience, problems, and methods of dealing with stress were replicated or altered in the 1976 results. Variables focus on various areas in which problems might arise, including marriage, parenthood, employment, and general social relationships. Information about leisure time, past and present physical and mental health, and motives for affiliation, achievement, and power were also sought.

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Study Description


Veroff, Joseph, Elizabeth Douvan, and Richard Kulka. Americans View Their Mental Health, 1957 and 1976: Selected Variables. ICPSR07949-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 198?.

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    achievement, career goals, divorce, employment history, happiness, job satisfaction, leisure, marriage, memberships, mental health, motivation, occupations, parenting skills, psychological wellbeing, quality of life, self concept, social indicators, social roles, social values

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Universe:    Americans aged 21 years and older living in private households in the United States in 1957 and 1976.

Data Type(s):    survey data


Sample:    Multistage area probability sample.

Data Source:


Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-06-29

Version History:

  • 2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.

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