National Health Interview Survey, 1985: Health Promotion and Disease Prevention (HPDP) Smoking History During Pregnancy Supplement (ICPSR 9764)

Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics


The purpose of the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) is to obtain information about the amount and distribution of illness, its effects in terms of disability and chronic impairments, and the kinds of health services people receive. In 1985, the NHIS questionnaire included a special section, the Health Promotions and Disease Prevention (HPDP) supplement, that queried female respondents aged 18 through 44 who had had live births in the past five years about smoking during pregnancy. Their responses to the supplement are recorded in this dataset, along with other information about them derived from the HPDP and the 1985 core questionnaire (see HEALTH INTERVIEW SURVEY, 1985 [ICPSR 8668]). Questions on smoking history during pregnancy included current pregnancy status, whether the respondent had ever smoked 100 cigarettes, whether she currently smoked, time elapsed since the respondent last smoked regularly, number of cigarettes the respondent smoked per day, whether the respondent smoked during pregnancy, number of cigarettes smoked before learning of pregnancy, number of cigarettes smoked after learning of pregnancy, whether the respondent smoked during most of last pregnancy, and whether the respondent was ever advised by a doctor to quit smoking. Other variables in the HPDP focus on health and fitness awareness, general health habits, injury control, child safety and health, high blood pressure, stress, exercise, smoking, alcohol use, dental care, and occupational safety and health. Variables from the core questionnaire include height, weight, age, race, sex, Hispanic origin, type of living quarters, region and metropolitan status of residence, marital status, veteran status, education, family income, health status, industry, occupation, activity limitation status, medical conditions, restricted activity days in the past two weeks, bed days in the past two weeks and past 12 months, time interval since the last doctor visit, and the number of doctor visits and short-stay hospital episodes in the past 12 months.

Series: National Health Interview Survey Series

Access Notes

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.


Dataset - Download All Files (10.412 MB)

Study Description


United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics. National Health Interview Survey, 1985: Health Promotion and Disease Prevention (HPDP) Smoking History During Pregnancy Supplement. ICPSR09764-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1992.

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    alcohol consumption, chronic disabilities, chronic illnesses, disabilities, disease prevention, exercise, health, health behavior, health care, health care services, health policy, health problems, illness, occupational safety and health, physical fitness, pregnancy, smoking

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1985

Date of Collection:   

  • 1985

Universe:    Civilian noninstitutionalized population of the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

Per agreement with NCHS, ICPSR distributes the data file(s) and technical documentation in this collection in their original form as prepared by NCHS.


Sample:    Multistage probability sample.

Data Source:

personal interviews

Restrictions: In preparing the data tape(s) for this collection, the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) has removed direct identifiers and characteristics that might lead to identification of data subjects. As an additional precaution, NCHS requires, under section 308(d) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 242m), that data collected by NCHS not be used for any purpose other than statistical analysis and reporting. NCHS further requires that analysts not use the data to learn the identity of any persons or establishments and that the director of NCHS be notified if any identities are inadvertently discovered. ICPSR member institutions and other users ordering data from ICPSR are expected to adhere to these restrictions.


Original ICPSR Release:   1992-05-12

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