Euro-barometer 34.1: Health Problems, Fall 1990 (ICPSR 9577)

Principal Investigator(s): Reif, Karlheinz; Melich, Anna


This round of Euro-Barometer surveys queried respondents on standard Euro-Barometer measures, such as how satisfied they were with their present life, whether they attempted to persuade others close to them to share their views on subjects they held strong opinions about, whether they discussed political matters, what their country's goals should be for the next ten or fifteen years, and how they viewed the need for societal change. The surveys also focused on health problems. Questions about smoking examined whether the respondent had heard of the European Code Against Cancer and whether the respondent smoked. Smokers were asked what tobacco products they used, how many cigarettes they smoked in a day, and whether they planned to cut down on their tobacco consumption. Queries focusing on other health issues included respondents' subjective ratings of their health and diet, the basis for their foodstuff selections, the extent and impact of alcohol consumption on their driving, the extent of the problem of drinking and driving, how the problem of drinking and driving would be best addressed, and respondents' own use of alcohol. Opinions on alcohol and drug abuse were elicited through questions such as what type of problem the respondent considered alcohol and drug use to be, whether current measures were enough to solve abuse, what measures should be taken to solve the problems, the respondent's knowledge of drugs and the use of drugs, drug use among acquaintances, and how drug testing should be implemented. AIDS-related items focused on how the respondent thought AIDS could be contracted and which manner of transmission the respondent most feared, which interventions should be used to eliminate or to slow the spread of AIDS, which interventions should be undertaken by the European Community, how best to handle those who had AIDS or were HIV-positive, whether the respondent personally knew anyone with AIDS/HIV+, how the emergence and spread of AIDS had changed the respondent's personal habits, and what precautions were effective against contracting AIDS. Questions concerning the respondent's work history asked whether there had been periods without work lasting more than a year. A series of items focused on the longest period without pay: how long the period was, the age of the respondent during this period, the main reason for leaving the previous job, what the previous occupation was and whether it was part-time, what the new occupation was and whether it was part-time, and how the level of the new occupation compared to the previous occupation. The interaction of raising children and pursuing a career was investigated through questions including how many children the respondent had, what effect changes in family life had on working life, whether the respondent worked full- or part-time while raising children, and whether the respondent would prefer to care for children full-time, care for children part-time and work part-time, or work full-time. A series of questions pertained to the period prior to the respondent's first three children attending school: whether the respondent worked during this period, what the respondent's occupation was, the attributes of the occupation that concerned the family, the attributes of the partner's occupation that concerned the family, who the primary caregivers were, whether the partner was the primary caregiver, and whether there were difficulties making last-minute arrangements for child care. Additional information was gathered on family income, number of people residing in the home, size of locality, home ownership, region of residence, occupation of the head of household, and the respondent's age, sex, occupation, education, religion, religiosity, subjective social class standing, political party and union membership, and left-right political self-placement.

Series: Eurobarometer Survey Series

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Study Description


Reif, Karlheinz, and Anna Melich. EURO-BAROMETER 34.1: HEALTH PROBLEMS, FALL 1990. Conducted by INRA (Europe), Brussels. Koeln, Germany: Zentralarchiv fuer Empirische Sozialforschung [producer], 2000. 2nd ZA ed. Koeln, Germany: Zentralarchiv fuer Empirische Sozialforschung/Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributors], 2001.

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    AIDS, alcohol consumption, attitudes, cancer, child care, child rearing, driving under the influence, drug abuse, drug testing, European Union, family work relationship, health attitudes, health problems, job history, life satisfaction, political influence, public opinion, quality of life, risk factors, smoking, social change, unemployment

Geographic Coverage:    Belgium, Denmark, Europe, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, United Kingdom, Global

Time Period:   

  • 1990-10-16--1990-11-27

Date of Collection:   

  • 1990-10-16--1990-11-27

Universe:    Persons aged 15 and over residing in the 12 member nations of the European Community: Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

(1) Data processing for this collection was performed at the Zentralarchiv fuer Empirische Sozialforschung (ZA) in Koeln, Germany. (2) The codebook and data collection instrument are provided by the ZA as Portable Document Format (PDF) files. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.


Sample:    Multistage national probability samples.

Data Source:

personal interviews


Original ICPSR Release:   1994-10-19

Version History:

  • 2001-02-01 The data have been further processed by ZA and the SPSS data definition statements have been updated. Also, a standard machine-readable codebook (PDF) with frequencies and SAS data definition statements have been added, and the data collection instrument is now available as a PDF file.

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