European Communities Studies, 1970-1992: Cumulative File (ICPSR 9361)

Principal Investigator(s): Inglehart, Ronald; Reif, Karlheinz; Melich, Anna


This data collection contains 36 attitudinal, 21 demographic, and 10 analysis variables selected from the European Communities Studies, 1970-1973, and Euro-Barometers 3-38. Question items chosen from the individual surveys for inclusion in the cumulative file have appeared in at least four different surveys. Most items, however, were included in nearly all of the studies carried out during the 22-year period from 1970 to 1992. Attitudinal variables selected from the individual studies include respondent's overall life satisfaction, amount of social change desired, left/right political orientation, support of the Common Market, strength of religious attachment, and the political party for which the respondent would vote. Other variables record respondents' opinions on topics such as the unification of Europe, elections to the European Parliament, nuclear power, income equality, terrorism, military defense, public ownership vs. private industry, and pollution. Three indices constructed by the principal investigators--cognitive mobilization, materialist/post-materialist values, and left/center/right vote--also are included. Demographic information supplied includes age, sex, marital status, household composition, occupation, religion, family income, age at which the respondent left school, town size, region, union membership of household members, size and supervision of the workplace, subjective social class, work sector, and housing source.

Series: Eurobarometer Survey Series

Access Notes

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DS2:  SAS Data Definition Statements - Download All Files (0.119 MB)

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Study Description


Inglehart, Ronald, Karlheinz Reif, and Anna Melich. EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES STUDIES, 1970-1992: CUMULATIVE FILE. 3rd ICPSR version. Ann Arbor, MI: Ronald Inglehart, University of Michigan [producer], 1994. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1994.

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This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (SES 91-22433)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    attitudes, economic integration, energy policy, European Economic Community, European Parliament, European unification, European Union, foreign aid, income distribution, life satisfaction, military strength, national interests, nuclear energy, political attitudes, political influence, political participation, political party preference, pollution, public opinion, quality of life, religious beliefs, social attitudes, social change, terrorism, voter preferences

Geographic Coverage:    Belgium, Denmark, France, Greece, Italy, Ireland, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, United Kingdom, West Germany, Global

Time Period:   

  • 1970--1992

Date of Collection:   

  • 1970--1992

Universe:    Persons aged 15 and over residing in the 12 member nations of the European Community: Belgium, France, Italy, the Netherlands, West Germany (1970-1992), United Kingdom (1970, 1973-1992), Denmark (1973-1992), Ireland (1973-1992), Luxembourg (1973-1992), Greece (1980-1992), Spain (1981-1992), and Portugal (1982-1992).

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

This data collection replaces EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES STUDIES, 1973-1984: CUMULATIVE FILE (ICPSR 8434).


Sample:    Multistage probability samples and stratified quota samples.

Data Source:

personal interviews

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   1992-05-12

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