Euro-Barometer 31: European Elections, 1989: Pre-Election Survey, March-April 1989 (ICPSR 9322)

Principal Investigator(s): Reif, Karlheinz, Commission of the European Community; Melich, Anna, Commission of the European Community


This round of Euro-Barometer surveys had for its major focus issues surrounding the European elections. Questions on political party preferences asked respondents which party they felt the closest to, how they voted in their country's last general election, how they would vote if a general election were held tomorrow, which party they would vote for within their countries, how they planned to vote in the June 1989 elections for the European Parliament, how they viewed the importance of certain national problems, and what they thought about democracy and individual liberties. Respondents were asked about their usage of the media for news, their opinions of an "All Europe" television channel and what it should offer, and how the single European market planned for in 1992 would affect their lives. The survey also gauged respondents' perceptions of the general attitude of their countries' political parties toward the most important problems facing their nations. Other items included life satisfaction, union membership, smoking habits, views on environmental issues such as nuclear accidents and radioactivity, views regarding cancer, and knowledge of and attitudes toward European Community institutions and policies, including the Common Agricultural Policy. Respondents also were asked to name current topics and events most important for them and to state whether or not certain causes such as the promotion of world peace were worth taking risks and making sacrifices for. The section on cancer queried respondents about their knowledge of the causes of cancer and medical recommendations for its early detection and prevention, and asked respondents if they followed or intended to follow those recommendations. Women were questioned about specific kinds of cancer detection examinations as well. Additional information was gathered on family income, number of persons and children under 15 residing in the home, size of locality, region of residence, occupation of the head of household, and the respondent's age, sex, occupation, education, religion, religiosity, subjective social class standing, and left-right political self-placement.

Series: Eurobarometer Survey Series

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Study Description


Reif, Karlheinz, and Anna Melich. Euro-Barometer 31: European Elections, 1989: Pre-Election Survey, March-April 1989. ICPSR09322-v3. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2017-03-27.

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Export Citation:

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  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (SES 85-12100 and SES 88-09098)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    agricultural policy, attitudes, cancer, disease prevention, economic integration, environmental attitudes, European Parliament, European unification, European Union, health behavior, life satisfaction, national elections, nuclear accidents, parliamentary elections, political influence, public opinion, quality of life, radioactive wastes, smoking, social change, voter attitudes, voter preferences, womens health care

Smallest Geographic Unit:    country

Geographic Coverage:    Belgium, Denmark, Europe, France, Germany, Global, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, United Kingdom

Time Period:   

  • 1989-03-02--1989-04-19

Date of Collection:   

  • 1989-03-02--1989-04-19

Unit of Observation:    individual

Universe:    Persons aged 15 and over residing in the 12 member nations of the European Community: Belgium, Denmark, France, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, United Kingdom, and West Germany (including West Berlin).

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:


Sample:    Multistage national probability samples and national stratified quota samples.

Time Method:    Cross-sectional

Weight:    The data are not weighted, however there are three weight variables, V6 (NATION WEIGHT I), V8 (NATION WEIGHT II), and V9 (EUROPEAN WEIGHT), that users may wish to apply during analysis.

Mode of Data Collection:    face-to-face interview

Data Source:

personal interviews

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   1991-05-03

Version History:

  • 2017-03-27 The SPSS setup files were updated to conform to current standards. SAS and Stata setup files, as well as SPSS and Stata system files, a SAS transport (CPORT) file, an R data file, a tab-delimited data file, and a PDF codebook have been added to the collection.

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