Eurobarometer 44.0: Cancer, Education Issues, and the Single European Currency, October-November 1995 (ICPSR 6721)

Principal Investigator(s): Reif, Karlheinz; Marlier, Eric


This round of Eurobarometer surveys queried respondents on standard Eurobarometer measures such as public awareness of and attitudes toward the European Union (EU), and also focused on cancer, education issues, and the Single European Currency. Respondents were questioned about their attitudes toward cancer risks and prevention strategies. They were also asked whether they had heard or read anything about the European Week Against Cancer, the European program to fight cancer, or the "European Code Against Cancer". The European Code Against Cancer, consisting of ten elementary rules for the possible prevention of cancer, was developed by a committee of cancer experts from all member countries of the EU. Education questions concerned whether respondents were satisfied with primary and secondary schools. Common European currency questions included whether respondents were for or against having one European currency in all member states. Respondents were queried about their knowledge of the Single European Currency and conditions member countries must meet in order to join the European Economic and Monetary Union. They were also asked for their opinions about possible outcomes of the changeover to the Single European Currency. Respondents were further queried about their time-frame preference for introducing the dual display of both the national currency and the European currency on goods and services, their concerns about this changeover, and their opinions about where useful information on the European currency and the changeover should be available. Demographic and other background information was gathered on the number of people residing in the home, size of locality, household income, and region of residence, as well as the respondent's age, sex, religion, age when completed education, occupation, and left-right political self-placement.

Series: Eurobarometer Survey Series

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Study Description


Reif, Karlheinz, and Eric Marlier. Eurobarometer 44.0: Cancer, Education Issues, and the Single European Currency, October-November 1995. ICPSR06721-v1. Koeln, Germany: Zentralarchiv fuer Empirische Sozialforschung/Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributors], 2000.

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    attitudes, cancer, currencies, disease, disease prevention, economic integration, euro, European unification, European Union, health, life satisfaction, monetary policy, political influence, public opinion, quality of life, social change

Geographic Coverage:    Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Europe, France, Germany, Global, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom

Time Period:   

  • 1995-10--1995-11

Date of Collection:   

  • 1995-10--1995-11

Universe:    Persons aged 15 and over residing in the 15 member nations of the European Union: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

Data processing for this collection was performed at the Zentralarchiv fuer Empirische Sozialforschung in Koeln, Germany.

The codebook and data collection instrument are provided by ZA as Portable Document Format (PDF) files. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.


Sample:    Multistage national probability samples.

Data Source:

personal interviews


Original ICPSR Release:   1997-04-14

Version History:

  • 2001-01-25 The data have been further processed by ZA and the SPSS data definition statements have been updated. Also, a standard machine-readable codebook (PDF) with frequencies and SAS data definition statements have been added, and the data collection instrument is now available as a PDF file.
  • 1998-06-12 The data and documentation for Sweden for the variables P6 (Size of Community) and P7 (Region I) have been revised.

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