Census of Population and Housing, 1980 [United States]: Public Use Microdata Sample (D Sample) [PUMS-D] (ICPSR 8646)

Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census


The Public Use Microdata Samples (PUMS) from the 1980 Census contain individual-level and household-level information from the "long-form" questionnaires distributed to a sample of the population enumerated in the Census. For PUMS-D, which is a one percent sample, a unique geographic scheme was employed in which counties are grouped into labor market areas. While the A, B, and C PUMS files are hierarchical in structure and contain two types of records ("household" and "person" records), the PUMS-D file has been rectangularized, with information from the household records added at the beginning of each corresponding person record. All standard PUMS variables are provided in this file, including (1)housing information such as year structure was built, plumbing facilities, heating equipment, fuel used, vehicles available, mortgage, rent, and taxes, and (2)person information such as demographic characteristics, schooling, occupation, place of work, transportation to work, and income.

Series: Census of Population and Housing, 1980 [United States] Series

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Study Description


U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING, 1980 [UNITED STATES]: PUBLIC USE MICRODATA SAMPLE (D SAMPLE) [PUMS-D]. Tallahassee, FL: Charles M. Tolbert, Florida State University [producer], 198?. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1987. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08646.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08646.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    census data, counties, demographic characteristics, household composition, housing, housing units, housing conditions, labor markets, population

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1980

Universe:    All persons and housing units in the United States.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The production of PUMS-D was a cooperative effort of the Economic Research Service (United States Department of Agriculture), researchers affiliated with the United States Department of Agriculture Regional Research Project S-184, the Southern Rural Development Center, the North Central Regional Center for Rural Development, and the Northeast Center for Rural Development. These organizations paid the Census Bureau for a special tabulation to produce the basic file of data. Funds from the Committee on Faculty Research Support at Florida State University were used to produce the rectangular version of PUMS-D, which was prepared by Charles Tolbert and Paul Hanna. The data require six 2,400 foot magnetic tapes blocked near 32,000 and written at 6,250 bpi, or approximately 21-23 tapes written at 1,600 bpi. Documentation for this collection incorporates the new record layout for the rectangular PUMS-D file and an appendix of labor market areas with standard Census Bureau documentation pertaining to the Public-Use Microdata Samples.


Sample:    Stratified one percent sample of housing units and persons in them as enumerated in the 1980 census.

Data Source:

self-enumerated forms


Original ICPSR Release:   1987-05-19

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