Census of Population and Housing, 1980 [United States]: Summary Tape File 1 National Subset (ICPSR 8077)

Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census


Summary Tape File 1 (STF 1) consists of four sets of computer-readable data files containing detailed tabulations of the nation's population and housing characteristics produced from the 1980 Census. This series is comprised of STF 1A, STF 1B, STF 1C, and STF 1D. The STF 1 National Subset file was created by ICPSR in conjunction with the National Archive of Computerized Data on Aging (NACDA). This file is a subset of STF 1 and has data for all 50 states, the District of Columbia, for each of the approximately 3,150 counties and county equivalents in the United States, and for approximately 450 incorporated and unincorporated cities in the nation with populations of 50,000 persons or more. There are 321 substantive data variables organized in the form of 59 "tables," as well as standard geographic identification variables. All of the data items contained in STF 1 were tabulated from the "complete count" or "100-percent" questions included on the 1980 Census questionnaire. The data are provided in the original Census Bureau format so they can be accessed by CENSPAC and other software packages that are oriented toward STF 1 data in the format provided by the Census Bureau.

Series: Census of Population and Housing, 1980 [United States] Series

Access Notes

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Study Description


U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING, 1980 [UNITED STATES]: SUMMARY TAPE FILE 1 NATIONAL SUBSET. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census [producer], 1981. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1982. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08077.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08077.v1

Export Citation:

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    census data, counties, demographic characteristics, ethnicity, families, household composition, households, housing, housing units, minor civil divisions, population, Metropolitan Statistical Areas, states (USA)

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1980

Date of Collection:   

  • 1980

Universe:    All persons and housing units in the United States in 1980.

Data Type(s):    census/enumeration data

Data Collection Notes:

The Census Bureau has issued User Note No. 2 for the STF 1 data files, describing a calculational error that occurred in each of the STF 1B files. The single data item that comprises Table 44 (Median Contract Rent) is incorrect and should not be used. Rather than reissue all the files in this series, the Bureau's User Note No. 2 provides the calculational formula for computing this median from the grouped data given elsewhere in STF 1B. This User Note is included in the documentation for these files.


Data Source:

self-enumerated questionnaires


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-06-28

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