2000 TIGER/Line Files

The geographic coverage for a single TIGER/Line file is a county or statistical equivalent entity, with the coverage area based on January 1, 2000 legal boundaries. A complete set of Census 2000 TIGER/Line files includes all counties and statistically equivalent entities in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the Island Areas. The Census 2000 TIGER/Line files consist of line segments representing physical features and governmental and statistical boundaries. The boundary information in the TIGER/Line files are for statistical data collection and tabulation purposes only; their depiction and designation for statistical purposes does not constitute a determination of jurisdictional authority or rights of ownership or entitlement. The Census 2000 TIGER/Line files do NOT contain the Census 2000 urban areas which have not yet been delineated. The files contain information distributed over a series of record types for the spatial objects of a county. There are 17 record types, including the basic data record, the shape coordinate points, and geographic codes that can be used with appropriate software to prepare maps. Other geographic information contained in the files includes attributes such as feature identifiers/census feature class codes (CFCC) used to differentiate feature types, address ranges and ZIP Codes, codes for legal and statistical entities, latitude/longitude coordinates of linear and point features, landmark point features, area landmarks, key geographic features, and area boundaries.

Download Documentation

Be sure to look over the documentation for the TIGER/Line files.

Download County Files

The dynamic map below enables you to zoom into a particular county and download the TIGER/Line files for that county. Please note that this function only includes the states; it does not include Guam and other island areas.

Download State/County/Region Files

You can also choose to browse alphabetical lists of states and counties. This is especially useful for those geographic regions hard to pinpoint on a map (like Guam), and for downloading files for an entire state.

About the Files

The Census 2000 TIGER/Line data dictionary contains a complete list of all the fields in the 17 record types which are listed below.

  • Record Type 1 Complete Chain Basic Data Record
  • Record Type 2 Complete Chain Shape Coordinates
  • Record Type 3 Complete Chain Geographic Entity Codes
  • Record Type 4 Index to Alternate Feature Identifiers
  • Record Type 5 Complete Chain Feature Identifiers
  • Record Type 6 Additional Address Range and ZIP CodeAE Data
  • Record Type 7 Landmark Features
  • Record Type 8 Polygons Linked to Area Landmarks
  • Record Type 9 Key Geographic Location Features
  • Record Type A Polygon Geographic Entity Codes
  • Record Type C Geographic Entity Names
  • Record Type H TIGER/LineAE ID History
  • Record Type I Link Between Complete Chains and Polygons
  • Record Type P Polygon Internal Point
  • Record Type R TIGER/LineAE ID Record Number Range
  • Record Type S Polygon Additional Geographic Entity Codes
  • Record Type Z ZIP+4AE Codes

The TIGER/Line data is stored in compressed format in subdirectories by state name. There is one TIGER/Line file (in a compressed format) for each county or county equivalent. The file names consist of TGR + the 2-digit state FIPS (Federal Information Processing Standards) code + the 3-digit county FIPS code (i.e. TGR01031.ZIP for Coffee County, Alabama.) Each state folder contains individual county files.

The individual county files include one file for each record type included for that county with the following name convention: tgr01031.rt1. The convention follows the order described above with each file having a suffix which includes 'rt' (record type) followed by its designation (in this case record type 1). Each county file also contains its own metadata record.

All documentation files for the TIGER/Line data are stored in a directory named '0docs' which is located in the 'Parent Directory'. This directory appears at the top of the index of state subdirectories for each edition of the TIGER/Line files. The documentation includes a complete list of FIPS state and county codes.