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Euro-barometer 36.0: Regional Identity and Perceptions of the Third World, Fall 1991 (ICPSR 9771)

Principal Investigator(s): Reif, Karlheinz; Melich, Anna


This round of Eurobarometer surveys investigated the level of public support for the European Community (EC) and assessed attitudes toward regional development and perceptions of the Third World. Respondents were asked how well-informed they felt about the EC, how supportive they were of efforts being made to unify Western Europe, whether their country had benefited from being an EC member, and their personal interest in EC matters. Respondents were also asked to judge which areas of policy should be decided by national governments and which by a central Community structure, and to express their reactions to the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy, their expectations for the Single European Market, and their attitudes about the role and importance of the European Parliament. A new series of questions examined respondents' views toward the recording and distribution of personal information by private and public organizations, the recording and use of certain types of information, and the transfer of personal information among organizations. Questions about smoking included whether the respondent had heard of the European Code Against Cancer, whether the respondent smoked, what tobacco products were used by smokers, how many cigarettes were smoked in a day by the respondent, and whether smokers had plans to cut down their tobacco consumption. Items on regional identification included respondents' conceptions of "their region," attachment to their town, village, region, or country, whether there were policies to develop less-favored regions in member countries, whether there should be policies to develop regions in member countries, and what the European Community's policy should be with respect to developing regions in the European Community. Queries about the Third World included perceptions of the extent of hunger and economic development in the Third World, the respondent's personal impression and experience with the Third World, the respondent's source and need for information about the Third World, whether aid should be given to Third World countries and the expected nature and benefit of that aid, what the aim of relations with Third World countries should be, and the expected future of the Third World. As in previous Eurobarometers, questions on political party preference asked respondents which party they felt the closest to, how they voted in their country's last general election, and how they would vote if a general election were held tomorrow. Additional information was gathered on family income, number of people residing in the home, size of locality, home ownership, region of residence, occupation of the head of household, and the respondent's age, sex, occupation, education, religion, religiosity, subjective social class standing, socio-professional status, and left-right political self-placement.

Series: Eurobarometer Survey Series

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


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Study Description


Reif, Karlheinz, and Anna Melich. EURO-BAROMETER 36.0: REGIONAL IDENTITY AND PERCEPTIONS OF THE THIRD WORLD, FALL 1991. Conducted by INRA (Europe), Brussels. ICPSR ed. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [producer], 1998. Koeln, Germany: Zentralarchiv fuer Empirische Sozialforschung/Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributors], 1998. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09771.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09771.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    access to information, agricultural policy, attitudes, developing nations, economic development, economic integration, European unification, European Union, foreign aid, health behavior, health education, information policy, life satisfaction, political influence, privacy, public opinion, quality of life, smoking, social change, voter preferences

Geographic Coverage:    Belgium, Denmark, Europe, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, United Kingdom, Global

Time Period:   

  • 1991-10-15--1991-11-21

Date of Collection:   

  • 1991-10-15--1991-11-21

Universe:    Persons aged 15 and over residing in the 12 member nations of the European Community: Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom, as well as in Norway.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

(1) Initial data processing for this collection was performed at the Zentralarchiv fuer Empirische Sozialforschung (ZA) in Koeln, Germany. (2) The data collection instrument is provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided through the ICPSR Website on the Internet.


Sample:    Multistage national probability sample.

Data Source:

personal interviews

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.


Original ICPSR Release:   1994-10-17

Version History:

  • 1998-06-25 ICPSR performed additional processing for this collection. This edition of the collection now includes a standard machine-readable codebook with frequencies and SAS data definition statements. Also, the data collection instrument has been converted to a PDF file.

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