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Euro-barometer 35.A: Working Conditions, March-April, 1991 (ICPSR 9696)

Principal Investigator(s): Reif, Karlheinz; Melich, Anna


This collection presents responses to a set of questions asked in both EURO-BAROMETER 35.0: FOREIGN RELATIONS, THE COMMON AGRICULTURAL POLICY, AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS, SPRING 1991 (ICPSR 9697) and EURO-BAROMETER 35.1: PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, SPRING 1991 (ICPSR 9698). The survey queried respondents on standard Eurobarometer measures, such as whether they attempted to persuade others close to them to share their views on subjects they held strong opinions about, whether they discussed political matters, what their country's goals should be for the next ten years, and whether their country had benefited from being a member of the European Community (EC). The major focus of this collection was working conditions. Respondents were asked about the main business activity of the establishment where they worked, the number of hours they worked daily and weekly, and whether they worked on shifts. They were also asked whether their work involved dangerous machines, high speed activity, tiring positions, heavy loads, tight deadlines, using computers, or working at night, and whether they felt they had sufficient resources, such as training, information, tools, and support, to carry out their tasks. The survey also collected information on safety, hygiene, and health standards at workplaces and their influence on work efficiency. Respondents were asked whether their professional activities affected their health or threatened them with accident and injury, whether they had ever had work-related illnesses or accidents, and who should be responsible for reduction of accidents and work-related illnesses. Several items assessed awareness of European Community efforts concerning safety, hygiene, and health standards at work and support for the application of common legislation in the EC member countries concerning health and safety issues at work. Respondents were also asked which countries in the EC had the most and the least advanced legislation in this area. Demographic characteristics collected include gender, age, occupation, marital status, religious affiliation and practice, age at completion of education, subjective membership in social class, political and trade union participation, home ownership, number of people in household, family income, home ownership, subjective size of community, and nationality. Selected standard Eurobarometer constructed variables and indices are also included.

Series: Eurobarometer Survey Series

Access Notes

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Study Description


Reif, Karlheinz, and Anna Melich. Euro-barometer 35.A: Working Conditions, March-April, 1991 . ICPSR09696-v1. Cologne, Germany: Zentralarchiv fur Empirische Sozialforschung/Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributors], 2001. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09696.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09696.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    attitudes, economic integration, European unification, European Union, legislation, life satisfaction, occupational safety and health, political influence, public opinion, quality of life, social change, work environment, working conditions, working hours

Geographic Coverage:    Belgium, Denmark, Europe, France, Germany, Global, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, United Kingdom

Time Period:   

  • 1991-03-04--1991-04-30

Date of Collection:   

  • 1991 (March 4-March 29, and March 28-April 30)

Universe:    Citizens of the European Community member countries aged 15 and over residing in the 12 EC member countries: Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

Data processing for this collection was performed at the Zentralarchiv fur Empirische Sozialforschung (ZA) in Cologne, Germany. (2) The study merges the results of Euro-Barometer 35.0 (ICPSR 9697) and Euro-Barometer 35.1 (ICPSR 9698) on identical questions regarding working conditions plus a set of relevant demographics for professionally active respondents. (3) This collection was originally released by ICPSR under the title EURO-BAROMETER 35A: WORKING CONDITIONS, SPRING 1991. (4) The codebook and the data collection instrument are provided by ZA as Portable Document Format (PDF) files. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.


Sample:    Multistage national probability samples.

Data Source:

personal interviews


Original ICPSR Release:   1994-10-20

Version History:

  • 2001-08-13 The data have been further processed by ZA, and the SPSS data definition statements have been updated. Also, a standard machine-readable codebook (PDF) and SAS data definition statements have been added, and the data collection instrument is now available as a PDF file.

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