National Archive of Computerized Data on Aging

This study is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Computerized Data on Aging (NACDA), the aging program within ICPSR. NACDA is sponsored by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) at the National Institutes of Heath (NIH).

National Long-Term Care Survey: 1982, 1984, 1989, 1994, 1999, and 2004 (ICPSR 9681)

Principal Investigator(s): Manton, Kenneth G., Duke University


The National Long-Term Care Survey (NLTCS) has completed six waves, nominally at five-year intervals, 1982, 1984, 1989, 1994, 1999, and 2004. The NLTCS is a nationally-representative sample both of the community and of institutionalized populations and is longitudinal in that sample persons join the survey once they reach 65 years of age and stay in the survey until they either die or are lost to follow-up. At each wave, a screener questionnaire is administered to the sample which divides the sample into three parts: the non-disabled (frequently called screen-outs), the disabled but living in the community, and the disabled living in an institution. About 5,000 people die between waves and are replaced by a sample of about that size of people who have become age 65 since the prior wave. Because of budget considerations it usually has not been possible to continue the entire non-disabled sample into the next wave. Instead a sample of the non-disabled is drawn to keep the total sample size for a wave at about 20,000. One of the interesting and useful features of the NLTCS is that data are collected on help that the sample person receives from informal caregivers.

The NLTCS is a very data-rich resource with many components, including disability measures, medical conditions, attained education levels, and income. Numerous papers have used it as a source of data addressing a wide variety of topics related to aging and disability.

Ancillary surveys have been added to measure other characteristics of the 65 and older population, to include a Caregiver Survey to acquire data on informal caregivers themselves (done in 1989, 1999, and 2004) and Next-of-Kin (NOK) surveys administered to sample persons who had died between 1982 and 1984 and again between 1994 and 1999. The sample has been frequently supplemented to compensate for low representation in some survey components, in particular the 75 years and older and 95 years and older components. In 1999 physical specimens were drawn from a sample of persons who responded to the survey. These physical specimens (blood where possible, alternatively a buccal wash) are subject to a genetic analysis and, in the case of blood, to a panel of proteins believed to be particularly important to health.

NLTCS Survey Data

Survey data are available in ASCII and SAS format.

The Analytic Data File, a file of derived variables for all waves of the survey incorporates correction factors and consistency checking. The Analytic Data File covers all waves of the survey and is available in both ASCII and SAS formats. Final versions of data for all waves, up to and including 1999 and a beta version for 2004, have been released and are supported by documentation.

Access Notes

  • One or more files in this data collection have special restrictions ; consult the restrictions note to learn more. Additional information can also be found in the Use Agreement.

    Any public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.


DS1:  1982 - Download All Files (47.418 MB)
DS2:  1984 - Download All Files (53.018 MB)
DS3:  1989 - Download All Files (31.915 MB)
DS4:  1994 - Download All Files (48.87 MB)
DS5:  1999 - Download All Files (50.051 MB)
DS6:  2004 - Download All Files (53.581 MB)

Study Description


Manton, Kenneth G. National Long-Term Care Survey: 1982, 1984, 1989, 1994, 1999, and 2004. ICPSR09681-v5. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2010-06-21.

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Aging (N2 U01 AG0007198)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    activities of daily living, aging, caregivers, diet, family relations, health care services, health services utilization, health status, life expectancy, life satisfaction, living arrangements, marriage rates, medical conditions, Medicare, older adults, perceptions, quality of life

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1982
  • 1984
  • 1989
  • 1994
  • 1999
  • 2004

Data Collection Notes:

The data are available only on CD-ROM, and can be obtained by following the instructions in the Data Use Agreement. If the user cannot work with the CD-ROM they may contact User Support to make other arrangements.

All documentation files are now publicly available for this study. In addition, the crosswalk which is in an Excel file (.xlsx) for all years is also publicly available.



Original ICPSR Release:   2004-12-21

Version History:

  • 2010-06-21 Documentation for the Crosswalk has been added.
  • 2010-06-08 Text edits were made to the metadata record.
  • 2010-05-26 The data are restricted, but the documentation is available for download.
  • 2010-05-25 All documentation files are now available for download.

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