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CBS News State of the Union Poll, September 1990 (ICPSR 9620)

Principal Investigator(s): CBS News


This survey focuses on specific issues related to the United States' involvement in the Persian Gulf War, along with general topics such as the Bush presidency, whether the United States was heading in the right direction, foreign policy, Congress, and the economy. Respondents were asked about President Bush's handling of Iraq's invasion of Kuwait, if the United States did the right thing by starting military actions against Iraq rather than waiting to see if economic sanctions worked, if there was personal concern over a possible terrorist attack in the United States, whether the war was a mistake, and whether the war was likely to be worth the cost in human life and resources. Respondents also offered opinions regarding their pride or lack of pride in the United States' actions in the Persian Gulf, the expected length of the war and number of casualties, and how the war was going for the United States. In addition, the survey posed a series of questions dealing with media coverage of the war and the possible holding back of information by the military, the involvement of women in ground combat, personal effects of the war on respondents, Israel's response to Iraqi missile attacks, effects of the war on the United States' economy and on the Bush administration's ability to deal with domestic problems, support for Gorbachev vs. support for Lithuania's breaking away from the Soviet Union, Bush's first two years in office compared to Reagan's, Dan Quayle, and the probability of voting for Bush or the Democratic candidate in 1992. Background information on respondents includes political alignment, education, religion, age, race, sex, employment, perspectives on homemaking, family members serving in the Persian Gulf or elsewhere, choice for president in 1988, voter registration status, marital status, and state/region of residence.

Access Notes

  • One or more data files in this study are set up in a non-standard format, such as card image format. Users may need help converting these files before they can be used for analysis.

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Study Description


CBS News. CBS News State of the Union Poll, September 1990. ICPSR09620-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2009-04-24. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09620.v2

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09620.v2

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    access to information, Bush Administration (1989-1993), Bush, George H.W., combat, demographic characteristics, economic sanctions, foreign policy, Gorbachev, Mikhail, invasion, marital status, media coverage, military intervention, national economy, party preferences, Persian Gulf War, presidential performance, public opinion, Quayle, Dan, Reagan Administration (1981-1989), Soviet Union, terrorist attack, United States Congress, voter behavior, voter preferences, war casualties

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1990-01-27--1990-01-28

Date of Collection:   

  • 1990-01-27--1990-01-28

Universe:    Adult population of the United States aged 18 and over.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

A weight variable is included that must be used in any analysis. Telephone exchanges and numbers have been recoded to "999" for reasons of confidentiality.


Sample:    Stratified random digit dialing. Within households, respondents were selected using a method developed by Leslie Kish and modified by Charles Backstrom and Gerald Hursh (see Backstrom and Hursh, SURVEY RESEARCH [Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1963]).

Data Source:

telephone interviews

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.


Original ICPSR Release:   1992-05-12

Version History:

  • 2009-04-24 SAS, SPSS, and Stata setups have been added to this data collection.



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