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Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS): Fall Enrollment Analysis, 1988 (ICPSR 9528)

Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Education. National Center for Education Statistics


The purpose of this data collection was to provide a more accurate measure the racial/ethnic enrollment in postsecondary institutions in the United States. The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) collects racial/ethnic enrollment data from higher education institutions on a biennial basis. Some institutions do not report this data, and their "unknown" categories have previously been distributed in direct proportion to the "knowns." This resulted in lower than accurate figures for the racial/ethnic categories. With the advent of the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), NCES has attempted to eliminate this problem by distributing all race/ethnicity unknown students. This is done in a two-stage process. First, the differences between reported totals and racial/ethnic details are allocated on a gender and institutional basis by distributing the differences in direct proportion to reported distributions. The second stage distribution is designed to eliminate the remaining "race/ethnicity" unknowns. The procedure is to accumulate the reported racial/ethnic total enrollments by state, level, control, and gender, calculate the percentage distributions, and apply these percentages to the reported total enrollments of institutional respondents (in the same state, level, and control) that did not supply race/ethnicity detail. In addition, the original "race unknown" data were also left unaltered in order to provide data for those who wish to review numbers actually distributed. The racial/ethnic status was broken down into non-resident alien, Black non-Hispanic, American Indian or Alaskan Native, Asian or Pacific Islander, Hispanic, and White non-Hispanic. Variables include the educational level of all male/female full-time and part-time students enrolled in courses for credit at the institution. The unit of analysis is the postsecondary institution.

Series: Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) Series

Access Notes

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Study Description


U.S. Dept. of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. INTEGRATED POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION DATA SYSTEM (IPEDS): FALL ENROLLMENT ANALYSIS, 1988. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of Education, National Center for Education Statistics [producer], 1990. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1991. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09528.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09528.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    colleges, community colleges, ethnicity, gender, higher education, postsecondary education, race, school enrollments, universities

Geographic Coverage:    American Samoa, Guam, Marshall Islands, United States, Virgin Islands of the United States, Global

Universe:    All postsecondary institutions in operation in 1988 in the United States and its outlying areas.

Data Type(s):    survey data


Sample:    All two-year and over postsecondary institutions were included along with a probability of selection sample of all less than two-year private institutions.

Data Source:

self-enumerated questionnaires


Original ICPSR Release:   1991-05-03

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