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International Comparative Study on the Management, Productivity, and Effectiveness of Research Teams and Institutions (ICSOPRU), 1971-1989 (ICPSR 9471)

Principal Investigator(s): United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

Summary:

The goal of the ICSOPRU project was to improve the management of research teams and institutions and increase awareness of their responsibility concerning proper application of research results. Concrete objectives were twofold: (1) on the international level, to make widely available comparable facts and experiences concerning the management of research teams and to promote multilateral as well as bilateral cooperation in this field, and (2) on the national level to provide all those concerned (science policy-makers, research managers, scientists, engineers) with substantive information on the state of their national research potential and to encourage them, on the basis of this information compared eventually with similar information from other countries, to take self-corrective actions as needed to improve the level of effectiveness and productivity of the research teams and institutions. Seventeen countries from Africa, the Arab States, Asia, Europe and Latin America took part in ICSOPRU. There were four stages or rounds of data collection: six countries (Austria, Belgium, Finland, Hungary, Poland, Sweden) in Round 1 (between February and September 1974), six countries (Argentina, Egypt, India, Republic of Korea [South], Poland, Ukrainian S.S.R.) in Round 2 (between June 1978 and September 1981), five countries (Brazil, India, Nigeria, Spain, Ukrainian S.S.R.) in Round 3 (between October 1981 and November 1985), and four countries (China, Ghana, Hungary, Mexico) in Round 4 (between May 1985 and June 1987). Each round of questionnaires had different items (except for Rounds 2 and 3 which were the same). Round 1 items included general administrative information relevant to the research units answered by the administrator of the unit, scientific information on the research unit and information relevant to the unit's head answered by the head of the unit, individual information answered by scientists and engineers of the unit, individual information answered by technicians of the unit, and external evaluation of the research units from various scientific and administrative perspectives answered by external evaluators. Rounds 2 and 3 included general information about the research unit answered by the head of the unit, information on the respondent and his or her evaluation of the research unit's management, items on productivity and effectiveness answered by head of the unit along with scientists, engineers, and technicians of the unit, EV-rating of the research unit's effectiveness on a series of dimensions dealing with scientific or social criteria and administrative criteria answered by external evaluators. The fourth round of questionnaires included information on the institutional environment of the research unit answered by the head of the institution, general information on the research unit answered by the head of the unit, information on the respondent and his or her evaluation of the research unit's management, items on productivity and effectiveness answered by the head of the unit, scientists, engineers, and technicians.

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Dataset(s)

DS0:  Study-Level Files
Documentation:
DS1:  Round 1, Form RU Questionnaire Data - Download All Files (16.011 MB)
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ASCII   
ASCII + SPSS Setup   
DS2:  Round 1, Form SA Questionnaire Data - Download All Files (16.314 MB)
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ASCII   
ASCII + SPSS Setup   
DS3:  Round 1, Form SB Questionnaire Data - Download All Files (16.754 MB)
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ASCII + SPSS Setup   
DS4:  Round 1, Form TS Questionnaire Data - Download All Files (15.801 MB)
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ASCII   
ASCII + SPSS Setup   
DS5:  Round 1, Form EV Questionnaire Data - Download All Files (15.927 MB)
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ASCII   
ASCII + SPSS Setup   
DS6:  Round 1, Form EE Questionnaire Data - Download All Files (20.468 MB)
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ASCII   
ASCII + SPSS Setup   
DS7:  Round 1, Unit-Level Statistics Calculated by Country - Download All Files (19.327 MB)
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ASCII   
DS8:  Round 1, Unit-Level Statistics Calculated by Type of Institution - Download All Files (18.126 MB)
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DS9:  Round 1, Unit-Level Statistics Calculated by Field of Science - Download All Files (19.93 MB)
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DS10:  Round 1, All Respondent-Level Statistics - Download All Files (17.488 MB)
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DS11:  Round 2, Form RU Questionnaire Data - Download All Files (16.206 MB)
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ASCII + SPSS Setup   
DS12:  Round 2, Form CM Questionnaire Data - Download All Files (17.966 MB)
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DS13:  Round 2, Form EV Questionnaire Data - Download All Files (15.823 MB)
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ASCII + SPSS Setup   
DS14:  Round 2, Form EE Questionnaire Data - Download All Files (20.086 MB)
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ASCII + SPSS Setup   
DS15:  Round 2, Unit-Level Statistics Calculated by Country - Download All Files (20.123 MB)
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ASCII   
DS16:  Round 2, Unit-Level Statistics Calculated by Type of Institution - Download All Files (18.679 MB)
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DS17:  Round 2, Unit-Level Statistics Calculated by Field of Science - Download All Files (20.876 MB)
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DS18:  Round 2, All Respondent-Level Statistics - Download All Files (18.055 MB)
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DS19:  Round 3, Form RU Questionnaire Data - Download All Files (16.079 MB)
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ASCII + SPSS Setup   
DS20:  Round 3, Form CM Questionnaire Data - Download All Files (17.226 MB)
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ASCII + SPSS Setup   
DS21:  Round 3, Form EV Questionnaire Data - Download All Files (15.742 MB)
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ASCII + SPSS Setup   
DS22:  Round 3, Form EE Questionnaire Data - Download All Files (19.121 MB)
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ASCII + SPSS Setup   
DS23:  Round 3, Unit-Level Statistics Calculated by Country - Download All Files (19.384 MB)
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ASCII   
DS24:  Round 3, Unit-Level Statistics Calculated by Type of Institution - Download All Files (18.673 MB)
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ASCII   
DS25:  Round 3, Unit-Level Statistics Calculated by Field of Science - Download All Files (21.591 MB)
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DS26:  Round 3, All Respondent-Level Statistics - Download All Files (17.917 MB)
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DS27:  Round 4, Form RU Questionnaire Data - Download All Files (16.099 MB)
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ASCII + SPSS Setup   
DS28:  Round 4, Form CM Questionnaire Data - Download All Files (17.068 MB)
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DS29:  Round 4, Form IS Questionnaire Data - Download All Files (15.695 MB)
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ASCII + SPSS Setup   
DS30:  Round 4, Form EE Questionnaire Data - Download All Files (18.772 MB)
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ASCII + SPSS Setup   
DS31:  Round 4, Unit-Level Statistics Calculated by Country - Download All Files (18.675 MB)
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DS32:  Round 4, Unit-Level Statistics Calculated by Type of Institution - Download All Files (18.193 MB)
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DS33:  Round 4, Unit-Level Statistics Calculated by Field of Science - Download All Files (20.666 MB)
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DS34:  Round 4, All Respondent-Level Statistics - Download All Files (18.15 MB)
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ASCII   

Study Description

Citation

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). International Comparative Study on the Management, Productivity, and Effectiveness of Research Teams and Institutions (ICSOPRU), 1971-1989. ICPSR09471-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1991. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09471.v1

Persistent URL:

1

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Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   administration, management, policy-making, productivity, research, research institutes, science

Geographic Coverage:   Africa, Argentina, Asia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, China (Peoples Republic), Egypt, Europe, Finland, Ghana, Hungary, India, Latin America, Mexico, Middle East, Nigeria, Poland, South Korea, Spain, Ukraine, Global

Time Period:  

  • 1971--1989

Date of Collection:  

  • 1974--1990

Data Types:   survey data

Data Collection Notes:

There were four stages or rounds of data collection for the International Comparative Study on the Management, Productivity, and Effectiveness of Research Teams and Institutions (ICSOPRU), 1971-1989 [ICPSR 9471]. For each round there are four files of unit-level and respondent-level statistics provided (Datasets 0007-0010, 0015-0018, 0023-0026 and 0031-0034). There are no carriage return characters in the statistics files. Accordingly, each statistics file should be listed with a print program that does not interpret the first column of each record as a carriage control character.

Methodology

Data Source:

self-enumerated questionnaires

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 35 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.

Utilities

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