Census of Population, 1910 [United States]: Oversample of Black-headed Households (ICPSR 9453)

Published: Sep 1, 2010

Principal Investigator(s):
S. Philip Morgan, University of Pennsylvania. Population Studies Center; Douglas Ewbank, University of Pennsylvania. Population Studies Center


Version V2

Designed to facilitate analysis of the status of Blacks around the turn of the century, this oversample of Black-headed households in the United States was drawn from the 1910 manuscript census schedules. The sample complements the 1/250 Public Use Sample of the 1910 census manuscripts collected by Samuel H. Preston at the University of Pennsylvania: CENSUS OF POPULATION, 1910 [UNITED STATES]: PUBLIC USE SAMPLE (ICPSR 9166). Part 1, Household Records, contains a record for each household selected in the sample and supplies variables describing the location, type, and composition of the households. Part 2, Individual Records, contains a record for each individual residing in the sampled households and includes information on demographic characteristics, occupation, literacy, nativity, ethnicity, and fertility.

Morgan, S. Philip, and Ewbank, Douglas. Census of Population, 1910 [United States]: Oversample of Black-headed Households. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2010-09-01. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09453.v2

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United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD 1-R01-HD18651, and NICHD 1-R01-HD-25856)

University of Pennsylvania. University Research Foundation



The data contain blanks and alphabetic characters. This oversample can be combined with the 1/250 Public Use Sample by differential weighting of households (or individuals) by county of enumeration as described in the User's Guide.

Sampling was carried out using computer software that randomly selected households based on the manuscript census microfilm reel number, sequence, and page and line number, with two different sampling fractions. Counties in Maryland, Kentucky, and Texas were sampled using a 0.01 sampling fraction, while a 0.005 sampling fraction was employed in Virginia, North Carolina, Florida, Tennessee, and Arkansas. In Louisiana, both fractions were utilized to test optimum sampling fractions.

Manuscript census records for 1910 from counties with at least 10 percent of the population African-American (Negro, Black, or Mulatto) located in nine states where a large number of counties had at least this same proportion of African-Americans (Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, Florida, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas). The four states with the largest population of Blacks (South Carolina, Alabama, Mississippi, and Georgia) were excluded from the oversample because the 1/250 Public Use Sample (referred to above) provided sufficient cases for most analyses.

United States Bureau of the Census 1910 manuscript schedules

census/enumeration data



2010-09-01 SAS, SPSS, and Stata setups have been added to this data collection.

2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 3 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.

1990-12-04 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

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