Southern Agricultural Households in the United States, 1880 (ICPSR 9430)

Published: Sep 19, 2007

Principal Investigator(s):
Richard Sutch; Roger Ransom

Version V1

This data collection describes the organization of agriculture and the operation of the Southern economy following the Civil War, with emphasis on the relationship between race and tenure status of farm operators. Economic and agricultural data were compiled from the 1880 Census of Agriculture. Information provided includes the location of the farm (region, state, county, and enumeration district), tenure of the farm operator, number of acres in tillage, meadows, woodland, and other uses, type of crops being farmed and production figures, and the number of various livestock (horses, mules, oxen, cows, sheep, and swine). Additionally, data are presented on the value of the farm, farm implements, livestock, and farm products, and costs associated with fences, fertilizer, and wages. Demographic information drawn from the 1880 Census of Population includes the race, literacy, age, and birthplace of the farm operator, number of people living in the house, and number of people working on the farm.

Sutch, Richard, and Ransom, Roger. Southern Agricultural Households in the United States, 1880. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2007-09-19.

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National Science Foundation (NSF 2668)

University of California-Berkeley. Institute of Business and Economic Research

University of California-Berkeley. Center for Research in Management Science

1879 -- 1880


The South was divided into economic regions that were relatively homogeneous, and one or more representative counties were selected from each region. This group of farms was then sampled at a minimum rate of 10 percent, blocks of five farms each being selected with a skip interval of 45 farms.

All farms reported by the 1880 Agriculture Census in the 11 Confederate states of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas. The western area of Texas and southern area of Florida were excluded due to lack of settlement in 1880.

United States Bureau of the Census 1880 Population and Agriculture Manuscript schedules

census/enumeration data



2007-09-19 SAS, SPSS, and Stata setup files have been added to this data collection.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.
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