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Population of Counties, Towns, and Cities in the United States, 1850 and 1860 (ICPSR 9424)

Principal Investigator(s): Fishman, Michael J., University of Chicago. Center for Population Economics


This data collection contains information about the population of each county, town, and city of the United States in 1850 and 1860. Specific variables include tabulations of white, black, and slave males and females, and aggregate population for each town. Foreign-born population, total population of each county, and centroid latitudes and longitudes of each county and state were also compiled.

Access Notes

  • One or more data files in this study are set up in a non-standard format, such as card image format. Users may need help converting these files before they can be used for analysis.

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Dataset - Download All Files (3.149 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    Stata Setup   

Study Description


Fishman, Michael J. Population of Counties, Towns, and Cities in the United States, 1850 and 1860. ICPSR09424-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2009-02-17. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09424.v2

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09424.v2

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • University of Chicago. Booth School of Business. Center for Population Economics

Scope of Study

Time Period:   

  • 1850--1860

Date of Collection:   

  • 1962

Universe:    All United States counties, towns, and cities in 1850 and 1860. The list was obtained from published data in POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES IN 1860.

Data Type(s):    census/enumeration

Data Collection Notes:

The data contain alphabetic codes.


Data Source:

POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES IN 1860, WASHINGTON DC: Government Printing Office, 1864

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.


Original ICPSR Release:   1991-03-05

Version History:

  • 2009-02-17 SAS and Stata setups have been added to this data collection.

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