National Sample from the 1880 Census of Manufacturing (ICPSR 9385)

Published: Oct 8, 2004

Principal Investigator(s):
Jeremy Atack; Fred Bateman

Version V2

This collection presents information from the 1880 census of manufacturing in 36 states and the District of Columbia. It was originally collected to paint a quantitative picture of industrialization in the United States. The data describe states and counties in terms of urban or rural, amount of capital invested, and numbers of male, female, and child workers employed. Additional information includes daily wage for skilled and unskilled labor, annual wage bill, hours in ordinary day's labor, number of waterwheels and steam engines, and horsepower by water or steam.

Atack, Jeremy, and Bateman, Fred. National Sample from the 1880 Census of Manufacturing  . Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2004-10-08.

Export Citation:

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National Science Foundation (SES-86-05637, and SES-86-09392)




(1) These data can be analyzed at the national and/or regional level, but not the state level. For state-level analyses, use the data available as STATE SAMPLES FROM THE 1880 CENSUS OF MANUFACTURING (ICPSR 9384). (2) State data for other nineteenth century censuses are available as STATE SAMPLES FROM THE CENSUS OF MANUFACTURING: 1850, 1860, AND 1870 (ICPSR 4071). (3) National data for other nineteenth century census are available as NATIONAL SAMPLES FROM THE CENSUS OF MANUFACTURING: 1850, 1860, AND 1870 (ICPSR 4048). (4) The codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

Random samples from the U.S. Census.

United States and territories for which records were extant.


Bureau of the Census documents

aggregate data



2004-10-08 The data and documentation were updated by Jeremy Atack and resupplied to ICPSR in 2004.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

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