European Communities Studies, 1970-1992: Cumulative File (ICPSR 9361)

Version Date: Feb 10, 1995 View help for published

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Ronald Inglehart, Unknown; Karlheinz Reif, Unknown; Anna Melich, Unknown


Version V3

This data collection contains 36 attitudinal, 21 demographic, and 10 analysis variables selected from the European Communities Studies, 1970-1973, and Euro-Barometers 3-38. Question items chosen from the individual surveys for inclusion in the cumulative file have appeared in at least four different surveys. Most items, however, were included in nearly all of the studies carried out during the 22-year period from 1970 to 1992. Attitudinal variables selected from the individual studies include respondent's overall life satisfaction, amount of social change desired, left/right political orientation, support of the Common Market, strength of religious attachment, and the political party for which the respondent would vote. Other variables record respondents' opinions on topics such as the unification of Europe, elections to the European Parliament, nuclear power, income equality, terrorism, military defense, public ownership vs. private industry, and pollution. Three indices constructed by the principal investigators--cognitive mobilization, materialist/post-materialist values, and left/center/right vote--also are included. Demographic information supplied includes age, sex, marital status, household composition, occupation, religion, family income, age at which the respondent left school, town size, region, union membership of household members, size and supervision of the workplace, subjective social class, work sector, and housing source.

Inglehart, Ronald, Reif, Karlheinz, and Melich, Anna. European Communities Studies, 1970-1992: Cumulative File. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1995-02-10.

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National Science Foundation (SES 91-22433)
1970 -- 1992
1970 -- 1992

This data collection replaces EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES STUDIES, 1973-1984: CUMULATIVE FILE (ICPSR 8434).

Multistage probability samples and stratified quota samples.

Persons aged 15 and over residing in the 12 member nations of the European Community: Belgium, France, Italy, the Netherlands, West Germany (1970-1992), United Kingdom (1970, 1973-1992), Denmark (1973-1992), Ireland (1973-1992), Luxembourg (1973-1992), Greece (1980-1992), Spain (1981-1992), and Portugal (1982-1992).

personal interviews

survey data


2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • Inglehart, Ronald, Karlheinz Reif, and Anna Melich. EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES STUDIES, 1970-1992: CUMULATIVE FILE. 3rd ICPSR version. Ann Arbor, MI: Ronald Inglehart, University of Michigan [producer], 1994. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1994.

1992-05-12 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. Please see version history for more details.
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