Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) 1986 Panel (ICPSR 9319)

Version Date: Jun 2, 2008 View help for published

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United States. Bureau of the Census


Version V2

This data collection is part of a longitudinal survey designed to provide detailed information on the economic situation of households and persons in the United States. These data examine the distribution of income, wealth, and poverty in American society and gauge the effects of federal and state programs on the well-being of families and individuals. There are three basic elements contained in the survey. The first is a control card that records basic social and demographic characteristics for each person in a household, as well as changes in such characteristics over the course of the interviewing period. The second element is the core portion of the questionnaire, with questions repeated at each interview on labor force activity, types and amounts of income, participation in various cash and noncash benefit programs, attendance in postsecondary schools, private health insurance coverage, public or subsidized rental housing, low-income energy assistance, and school breakfast and lunch participation. The third element consists of topical modules, which are series of supplemental questions asked during selected household visits. A topical module was not created for the first wave of the 1986 panel. The topical module for Wave II is considered a Personal History topical module. It includes data on fertility, marital status, migration, recipiency of transfer payments, employment, work disability, and education and training history. Data on family background and household relationships are also provided. Wave III topical module concerns child care arrangements, child support agreements, support for nonhousehold members, job offers, health status and utilization of health care services, long-term care, and disability status of children. Wave IV topical module includes data on assets and liabilities, real estate property and vehicles, retirement expectations and pension plans. The topical module for Wave V includes questions on educational financing and enrollment. Wave VI topical module covers child care arrangements, child support agreements, support for nonhousehold members, work related expenses, housing costs, and energy usage. Wave VII topical module covers assets and liabilities.

United States. Bureau of the Census. Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) 1986 Panel. Ann Arbor, MI: [distributor], 2008-06-02.

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1986-10 -- 1988-03
1986-02 -- 1988-04

A multistage stratified sampling design was used. The 1986 panel consisted of 11,513 households. One-fourth of these households were interviewed each month, and households were reinterviewed at four-month intervals. All persons at least 15 years old who were present as household members at the time of the first interview were included for the entire study, except those who joined the military, were institutionalized for the entire study period, or moved from the United States. Original household members who moved during the study period were followed to their new residences and interviewed there. New persons moving into households of members of the original sample also were included in the survey, but were not followed if they left the household of an original sample person.

Resident population of the United States, excluding persons living in institutions and military barracks.

personal interview

survey data


2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • United States. Bureau of the Census. SURVEY OF INCOME AND PROGRAM PARTICIPATION (SIPP) 1986 PANEL. ICPSR09319-v2. Washington, DC: United States. Bureau of the Census [producer], 1989. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2008-06-02.

2008-06-02 The Wave 5 Core and Topical Module Microdata Research File and PDF codebook for this file have been added to the study.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. Please see version history for more details.
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