National Archive of Criminal Justice Data

This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Individual Responses to Affirmative Action Issues in Criminal Justice Agencies, 1981: [United States] (ICPSR 9311)

Principal Investigator(s): Feyerherm, William H., University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee


These data, which are part of a larger study undertaken by the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, evaluate the responses of criminal justice employees to affirmative action within criminal justice agencies. Information is provided on employees' (1) general mood, (2) attitudes across various attributes, such as race, sex, rank, education and length of service, and (3) demographic characteristics including age, sex, race, educational level, parents' occupations, and living arrangements. The use of criminal justice employees as the units of analysis provides attitudinal and perceptual data in assessing affirmative action programs within each agency. Variables include reasons for becoming a criminal justice employee, attitudes toward affirmative action status in general, and attitudes about affirmative action in criminal justice settings.

Access Notes

  • One or more data files in this study are set up in a non-standard format, such as card image format. Users may need help converting these files before they can be used for analysis.

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.


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Study Description


Feyerherm, William H. Individual Responses to Affirmative Action Issues in Criminal Justice Agencies, 1981: [United States]. ICPSR09311-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1990.

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This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (81-IJ-CX-K003)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    Affirmative Action, attitudes, criminal justice system, law enforcement agencies, workers

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1981

Date of Collection:   

  • 1981

Universe:    Employees of criminal justice agencies in the United States.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

Two versions of the questionnaire were used, one for employees who worked for correctional agencies, another slightly different version for employees of law enforcement agencies. The substantive content of the questions was not altered. Also, there are undocumented zeros in the data file. An undefined value of "-0.0002289" has been found in variables 4 to 11, 13 to 15 and 17 to 29 in the data file. Unconfirmed by the original investigator, this value may represent missing data for these variables.


Sample:    A sample of 19 agencies was taken from over 200 criminal justice organizations nationwide. Employees within those 19 agencies were then randomly sampled.

Data Source:

mailed questionnaires


Original ICPSR Release:   1990-05-01

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